About the UNIT 1 KNOWLEDGE BOOK The Unit 1 Knowledge Book

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About the UNIT 1 KNOWLEDGE BOOK The Unit 1 Knowledge Book

Transcript Of About the UNIT 1 KNOWLEDGE BOOK The Unit 1 Knowledge Book

About the UNIT 1 KNOWLEDGE BOOK
The Unit 1 Knowledge Book provides a comprehensive series of structured, step by step activities designed to equip students with the essential knowledge they need for their Unit 1, Human Lifespan Development exam.
By working systematically through the book, students will be able to identify gaps in their own knowledge, whilst building awareness of specialist terminology and familiarity with key concepts, and theories which are crucial to exam success.

CONTENTS

Learning Aim

Content

A1 PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT THROUGH THE LIFE STAGEs A2 INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENT ACROSS THE LIFE STAGES A3 EMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENT ACROSS THE LIFE STAGES A4 SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT ACROSS THE LIFE STAGES
LEARNING AIM A: SYNOPTIC QUESTIONS

B1 THE NATURE/NUTURE DEBATE RELATED TO FACTORS B2 GENETIC FACTORS THAT AFFECT DEVELOPMENT B3 ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS THAT AFFECT DEVELOPMENT B4 SOCIAL FACTORS THAT AFFECT DEVELOPMENT B5 ECONOMIC FACTORS THAT AFFECT DEVELOPMENT B6 MAJOR LIFE EVENTS THAT AFFECT DEVELOPMENT
LEARNING AIM B: SYNOPTIC QUESTIONS

C1 THE PHYSICAL CHANGES OF AGEING C2 THE PSYCHOLOGICAL CHANGES OF AGEING C3 THE SOCIETAL EFFECTS OF AN AGEING POPULATION
LEARNING AIM C: SYNOPTIC QUESTIONS

2 BTEC Nationals in Health and Social Care Unit 1 Knowledge Book

Essential Content A: Human Growth and Development through the Life Stages

A1 Physical Development Across the Life Stages
PLC

You need to be able to...

Explain the difference between grown and development Describe key principles of growth and development Identify life stages and their associated age ranges Identify key milestones in infancy Identify key milestones in early childhood Identify primary and secondary characteristics Explain the role of hormones in sexual maturity Explain the difference between perimenopause and menopause Explain the impact of a decrease in oestrogen levels during perimenopause Explain the role of hormones in the perimenopause and menopause Explain how health and intellectual abilities deteriorate during later adulthood

RAG

Page

01 | Define
3 Define what is meant by the terms ‘growth’ and ‘development’ 9

15

Growth

20

25

Development

26

31

02 | Give me 3!

37

43

Give me three principles of development

49

1

55

60

61

2

67

73

78

3

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06 | Describe it
Describe what is meant by the term ‘peer pressure’
07 | Give me 2!
Give me two possible negative impacts of peer pressure on development 1
2
08 | Apply it
Sam is 18 years old and has moved to student accommodation at university. Sam will be sharing a student flat with 4 other students from diverse backgrounds. Explain two ways in which Sam may be positively influenced by peer pressure 1
2

09 | 9.What’s the difference?
Explain the difference between formal and informal relationships

10 | Give me 2!
Imogen is 16 years old and has just started her BTEC Health and Social Care course at a local college. Imogen has had her first meeting with her personal tutor, Mandy. Give me two possible positive effects of Imogen having a good relationship with her personal tutor 1
2

11 | Explain it
Explain how starting employment both can increase and decrease independence

It can increase independence because...

It can decrease independence because...

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13 | Give me 3!
Kai is 24 years old and has a learning disability. Kai sometimes struggles to communicate and needs lots of time to understand what has been said to him. Kai has an appointment with his GP to find out the results of a blood test. Give me three ways the GP could adapt his service to meet Kai’s needs. 1
2
3
14 | Tell me
Tell me two ways that health and social care services can reduce barriers for service users who require a wheelchair 1
2

B4 Social Factors that Affect Development
PLC
You need to be able to...
Explain how family dysfunction can affect development (including parental divorce or separation, sibling rivalry and parenting style) Explain how bullying can impact self-esteem and identify that it may lead to self-harm or suicide Explain how someone’s development may be impacted by their culture, religion and belief (including medical intervention and dietary restrictions)
01 | State 3
State three features of functional family life 1

RAG

2

3

02 | Describe it
Describe key features of Baumrind’s three parenting styles
Authoritarian Parenting

Authoritative Parenting

Permissive Parenting

42 BTEC Nationals in Health and Social Care Unit 1 Knowledge Book

NOT LICENSED FOR REPRODUCTION - PLEASE DO NOT COPY THIS BOOKLET www.tutor2u.net 43

13 | Tell me
Angie is 82 years old and has been diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease. Angie lives in a residential care home as she is no longer able to live safely at home. Tell me three ways in which Angie’s Alzheimer’s disease may impact on her health and wellbeing 1 2 3
14 | Identify and describe
Identify and describe three other illnesses which are common in later adulthood 1
2
3
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C2 The Psychological Changes of Ageing

PLC

You need to be able to...

Explain the impact of ageing on self-concept Explain the effects of social changes on development Explain the impact of financial concerns on psychological wellbeing Outline social disengagement theory Outline activity theory

RAG

01 | Tell me
Tell me one way reaching later adulthood may positively and negatively impact on self-image and self-esteem

Self-Image

Self-Esteem

Positive Impact

Negative Impact

02 | Give me 3!
Give me three lifestyle factors which increase the risk of an individual developing cardiovascular disease 1 2 3
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DevelopmentHealthLife StagesImpactFactors