Berkeley Medical Center Jefferson Medical Center

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Berkeley Medical Center Jefferson Medical Center

Transcript Of Berkeley Medical Center Jefferson Medical Center

Berkeley Medical Center Jefferson Medical Center
Laboratory Directory - 2017
Test Procedures, Specimen Requirements and Instructions
February 2017
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TABLE OF CONTENTS Laboratory Information……………………………………………………………………..3
General Information………………………………………………………………..3 Lab Courier Service………………………………………………………………..4 Reporting………………………………………………………….…………..……4 Reference Ranges………………………………………………..…………………4 Specimen Collection………………………………………………………………………..5 Ordering……………………………………………………………………………5 Specimen Containers………………………………………………………………5 Specimen Collection / Transport…………………………………………………..7 Blood Collection Guidelines………………………………………………………7 Billing……………………………………………………………………………………...10
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A. LABORATORY INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION

Berkeley Medical Center Laboratory (BMC) 304-264-1212; Fax 304-264-1302
Jefferson Medical Center Laboratory (JMC) 304-728-1661; Fax 304-725-1353

The laboratory staff at Berkeley Medical Center and Jefferson Medical Center will assist with any inquiries regarding services, test results, or collection.

Lab Draw Locations: Berkeley County:
Berkeley Medical Center Outpatient Testing Department – 1st floor 2500 Hospital Drive Martinsburg, WV 25402 304-264-1651; Fax: 304-264-1252 Hours: Mon – Fri 0700-1730; Sat 0800-1200

Dorothy A. McCormack Center Located on the BMC campus – 1st floor 304-264-1854; Fax: 304-264-1395
Hours: Mon – Fri 0700-1630

Medical Office Building 3 Located on the BMC Campus 880 North Tennessee Ave. Suite 100 Martinsburg, WV 25402 304-596-5706; Fax: 304-350-3285 Hours: Mon – Fri 0700-1530

Jefferson County: Jefferson Medical Center Outpatient Testing Department – 1st floor 300 South Preston St. Ranson, WV 25438 304-728-1661/ Fax: 304-725-1353 Hours: Mon – Fri 0700-1700; Sat 0700-1200

Harpers Ferry Family Medical Center 171 Taylor St. Harpers Ferry, WV 25425 304-535-1156 Hours: Mon – Fri 0730-1600

University Urgent Care – Charles Town 912 Somerset Blvd. Charles Town, WV 25414 304-728-2071 Hours: Mon – Fri 0800-1200 . Accreditations and Licenses: College of American Pathologists (CAP) State of West Virginia Department of Health American Association of Blood Banks – BMC The Joint Commission

Proficiency Testing: American Proficiency Institute - JMC College of American Pathologists (CAP) – BMC

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LAB COURIER SERVICE Berkeley and Jefferson Medical Center laboratories have a scheduled courier service for the
transportation of specimens to its laboratories. The courier service is available Monday through Friday, excluding the following holidays: New Year’s Day Memorial Day Independence Day Labor Day Thanksgiving Day Christmas Day
Times will vary throughout the day based on locations and office needs. More specific times are set by lab management when courier service is initiated. For the Urgent Cares in Inwood and Charles Town, courier service includes Saturday and Sunday.
Appropriate specimen collection supplies and patient ordering forms for Lab Courier Clients are provided and delivered via courier service. To order, complete a Lab Courier Supply List request form. REPORTING
Inpatient test results are available in the EPIC EMR. For UHP physicians and those with EPIC availability, lab results are available upon testing completion. For non UHP physicians, outpatient test results are faxed to the office usually the same day.
Other options for receiving lab results include interfaced results or having reports printed to those physician offices with a network printer. Contact the laboratory for more information on these options.
All critical values will be called to the appropriate care giver or physician. REFERENCE RANGES
Reference ranges on laboratory tests are printed on the patient report alongside the test results and are appropriately noted when results are outside of these ranges.
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B. SPECIMEN COLLECTION
ORDERING
Physician orders must include the patient name, date of birth, date, test(s) ordered, diagnosis (including ICD10 codes), and physician’s signature.
Inpatient orders are placed by the ordering provider or appropriate nursing personnel via the hospital information system.
Outpatient orders are generated from physician requests delivered by the patient to Outpatient Lab. The orders are then entered by outpatient testing personnel into the laboratory information system. If the physician has University Healthcare EPIC access, Outpatient orders may be placed electronically.
At Berkeley Medical Center, the 3 hour Glucose Tolerance Testing must be scheduled with Community Wide Scheduling (CWS) at 304-264-1297, option 2 (hours of operation: Mon – Fri 08001700).
At Jefferson Medical Center, no lab testing is scheduled. Testing is performed on a walk in basis. Lab Courier Client patient demographics and orders must accompany the patient specimens delivered via the courier service. A copy of patient demographic, insurance information and a Laboratory Services Outpatient Request form must be completed on each patient with laboratory orders. Specimens for cytology, biopsy, and PAP smears must also include a Cytology or Surgical Pathology Requisition. SPECIMEN CONTAINERS The containers listed in the laboratory directory under Specimen Requirements, are used to demonstrate the tube(s), or other container(s) to be used for the test procedure. Container codes for blood specimens are typically based on the stopper color of Vacutainer® blood collection tubes. Many collection tubes contain preservatives and additives necessary for specific testing to give accurate results when used within expiration date, completely filled and well mixed. Therefore, it is important to completely fill all Vacutainer tubes containing additives and to mix well by inverting the tube several times after collection. In most cases, a minimum volume is also given in the laboratory directory under Specimen Requirements. This refers to the MINIMUM volume (typically in milliliters) necessary to perform the testing. If testing is performed on serum or plasma, two to three times more whole blood is necessary in the container.
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CONTAINER Yellow Top ACD Tube- Solution B Adeza Fetal Fibronectin Collection Amniotic Fluid In Sterile Container Or Tube From Collection Kit Light Blue Top Tube Hemoccult Card Clean Container CSF Tube Dark Blue- EDTA Dark Blue Top Tube- Plain Blue FDP Tube – Request From Lab Gen-Probe Gray Top Tube Green Top Tube- 4.5 ml Green Top Tube-10 ml Lavender Top Tube- 4.5 ml Lavender Top Tube- 6 ml Red Top Tube- 7ml Smear On Slide Hemogard Yellow Top SST tube- 5 ml Stool 72 Hr Container Sterile Cup Clean Container Urine Sterile Cup Yellow Top ACD Tube- Solution A

ADDITIVE Acid Citrate Dextrose, Solution B
None
Sodium Citrate None None None EDTA None Clotting Agent None Sodium Fluoride Lithium Heparin Sodium Heparin EDTA EDTA None None None None None None None Acid Citrate Dextrose, Solution A

Testing on 24 hour urine specimens requires containers prepared by laboratory personnel. Call the laboratory in advance of specimen collection for the proper container. Patients should be provided instructions for collecting 24 hour urine specimens. Patient instructions for collection of 24 hour urine are available by clicking the link in the selected test in the web catalog.
Patients must pick up 24 hour urine containers in the either the BMC Outpatient Testing area or the JMC Outpatient Lab.
NOTE – INSTRUCT PATIENT TO VOID IN PLASTIC CONTAINER, THEN CAREFULLY ADD CONTENTS TO THE 24 HOUR URINE CONTAINER. SOME CONTAINERS CONTAIN ACID.

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SPECIMEN COLLECTION / TRANSPORT
Lab Courier Clients must collect, prepare, and properly store specimens for transport to the laboratory by the courier service. The integrity of the sample to be tested is directly related to the quality of the results. The Laboratory Test Directory lists specimen requirements including container type and minimum volume. Special requirements are also listed: for example, serum or plasma should be frozen, protect from light, draw fasting, etc.
Submit frozen specimens in plastic containers only (no glass).
Fasting indicates no consumption of food, drink (other than water), or chewing of gum for 8-12 hours prior to blood collection. Consult with clinician about whether to take medications on the day of the testing. Do not smoke, drink coffee, or engage in strenuous exercise prior to the test.
ALL specimens must be placed in a biohazard bag container with a zipper seal. Submit urine specimens in a separate biohazard bag – DO NOT place in the same bag as other specimens. Place the requisition and other forms in pouch (see ORDERING section).
BLOOD COLLECTION GUIDELINES
 Blood should not be drawn while intravenous solutions are being administered or drawn in the same syringe used to inject these solutions.
 Drawing blood through an indwelling catheter risks heparin contamination; flush the line with saline and draw 10-15 mL blood before coagulation specimens are drawn.
 Blood sample should be put into the appropriate tube and gently inverted several times immediately after being drawn.
 Fasting specimens preferred.  Hemolysis can interfere with many tests; if serum is visibly red after centrifugation, redraw.  Label specimen legibly with patient’s full name (first and last), date of birth, date and time of
collection, and initials of phlebotomist. Incorrectly labeled specimens are rejected by the laboratory and recollection is required, i.e. incorrect name, no name, etc.
See order of collection information from the tube vendor here: http://uh.testcatalog.org/catalogs/446/files/7557
CHEMISTRY
 Blood samples for chemistry analysis MUST BE CENTRIFUGED prior to sending to the laboratory.
 For SST containers (SST5) allow blood to clot no longer than one hour. Centrifuge specimens and verify gel separation is complete, separating cells and serum. Specimens MUST be adequately spun, i.e. gel barrier must clearly separate serum from cells. Store specimens appropriately according to the test directory.
 For serum specimens (RED7, DB-PLAIN), please centrifuge. Leaving blood unspun for more than one hour can lead to invalid results. Remove serum to a plastic aliquot tube using a plastic pipette. Store specimens appropriately according to the test directory.
 Copper and Zinc – Must stand at Room Temperature for 30 mins prior to centrifugation and serum must be CAREFULLY poured into a plastic aliquot tube which has been certified as “metal-free”. No pipette may be used.
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 CHEMISTRY PROFILES – Refer to the following table for tests included in chemistry profiles.

PROFILE Basic Metabolic Profile
Comprehensive Metabolic Profile
Electrolytes Hepatic Profile
Lipid Profile Renal Profile

TESTS INCLUDED Calcium Carbon Dioxide Chloride Creatinine GFR Albumin Alkaline Phosphatase ALT (SGPT) AST (SGOT) Bilirubin, total BUN (Urea Nitrogen) Calcium Carbon Dioxide Carbon Dioxide Chloride Albumin Alkaline Phosphatase ALT (SGPT)
Cholesterol HDL Triglycerides Albumin BUN (Urea Nitrogen) Calcium Carbon Dioxide Chloride Creatinine

Glucose Potassium Sodium BUN (Urea Nitrogen)
Chloride Creatinine GFR Glucose Potassium Protein, total Sodium
Potassium Sodium AST (SGOT) Bilirubin, total and direct Protein, total LDL (calculated) VLDL (calculated)
GFR Glucose Phosphorus Potassium Sodium

MNEMONIC BMP
CMP
LYTES HEP LIPID RENAL

HEMATOLOGY / COAGULATION
 Blood samples for hematology may be refrigerated or left at room temperature until courier pick up.
 Blood samples for coagulation studies (light blue top tube) must be left at room temperature until courier pick up (coagulation samples should be received within 4 hours of collection).
BLOOD BANK
 Blood samples for Blood Bank testing may be refrigerated or left at room temperature until courier pick up.
 When transfusion of products is required, patients must be admitted to the hospital or come through Outpatient Testing Services. Any patient to be transfused must be properly identified and

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have a Blood Bank armband attached. Type and screens or blood type orders in which no product will be transfused do not require the armband.  Blood Bank requires that additional testing and investigation must be performed in certain circumstances. Positive antibody screens, blood type discrepancies, or other inconsistencies must be resolved prior to transfusion of products or to identify possible future problems. For example, if an antibody screen is positive, additional testing is necessary to identify the antibody (antibody panel). If transfusion is indicated, it may also be necessary to test the donor red cell units (antigen cell typing) and perform crossmatches on units to ensure compatibility. Patients for preoperative procedures with antibody problems will have an appropriate number of antigennegative units identified and crossmatched. In these instances, the Blood Bank department adds any necessary testing and the results are reported.  Any patient that requires irradiated products or special needs will require advance notice to insure product availability. If patient is found to need special products upon testing, there may be a delay in providing the needed blood products.
URINALYSIS
 Specimens for urinalysis should be refrigerated until courier pick up.
MICROBIOLOGY COLLECTION GUIDELINES
 Culture for urine and sputum can be held for several hours if refrigerated.  Do NOT refrigerate stools, body fluids or swabs.
EXCEPTION: Stool for C. Diff testing is to be refrigerated unless delivered immediately to the laboratory.
VIRAL / CHLAMYDIA TESTS
 RNA Probe: Collect using Gen-Probe Aptima Collection Kit; stable at room temperature until printed expiration date. After sample collection, store at room temperature until courier pick up. Testing performed: GC, Chlamydia and Trichomonas. Collection kit types: Unisex, Urine and Vaginal.
 Thin Prep® PAP test vial: Testing for GC, Chlamydia, Trichomonas, HPV and HPV genotyping. Stable at room temperature until printed expiration date. After sample collection, store at room temperature until courier pick up.
ANATOMIC PATHOLOGY COLLECTION GUIDELINES
 The recommended specimen for PAP smears is the thin prep method. Collect using ThinPrep® PAP test; submit in PreservCyt® solution accompanied by a cytology requisition.
 Body fluid for cytology should be submitted as soon as collected and accompanied by a cytology requisition.
 Biopsy specimens must be submitted in a container either in 10% neutral buffered formalin or fresh (bring immediately to the laboratory) and accompanied by a surgical pathology requisition.
 For Fine Needle Aspirates, collect sample directly into 30 ml of cytolyt solution (furnished by lab); if specimen must be collected in an intravenous solution, use a balanced electrolyte solution.
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C. BILLING
GENERAL
Laboratory billing is based on Current Procedural Terminology, or CPT codes. CPT codes are included in the Laboratory Test Directory. When a test or profile is associated with one CPT code, the laboratory billing will assign one charge. When a test or profile is associated with multiple CPT codes, the laboratory billing will assign multiple charges (one charge per each CPT code).
The CPT codes provided are based on AMA guidelines and are for informational purposes only. CPT coding is the sole responsibility of the billing party. Please direct any questions regarding coding to the payer being billed.
ANATOMICAL PATHOLOGY BILLING
 Cytology charges are generated according to the CPT codes associated with a requested procedure. Any special stains, needed for pathologist interpretation, will generate additional charges.
 Surgical pathology charges are defined by the appropriate tissue level, 1-6. Any special stains, needed for pathologist interpretation, will generate additional charges.
BLOOD BANK BILLING
 Blood Bank requires that additional testing and investigation must be performed in certain circumstances. For example, a positive antibody screen would require an antibody panel be performed to identify the antibody. Antigen cell typing and crossmatching may also be required if transfusion is indicated or in pre-operative situations. In these instances, the Blood Bank department adds any required testing, the results are reported, and the appropriate CPT codes will be billed.
 Blood Bank products generate billing when the product is transfused. Typically, there is a blood vendor processing charge generated per each product received. There may also be scenarios when additional patient testing is required when a product is ordered. For example, when a packed cell is ordered the patient may be charged for a blood type and Rh, antibody screen, and crossmatching. The Blood Bank department performs the required testing, the results are reported, and the appropriate CPT codes will be billed.
 Patients receiving blood components (packed cells, cryoprecipitate, fresh frozen plasma, platelets) are charged a daily administrative fee.
MICROBIOLOGY BILLING
 Negative cultures are billed per CPT as listed in the test directory.  Positive cultures will incur additional charges for bacterial identification and sensitivity testing.
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