Children with Special Educational Needs - National Council

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Children with Special Educational Needs - National Council

Transcript Of Children with Special Educational Needs - National Council

Children with Special Educational Needs
Information Booklet for Parents

Children with
Special Educational
Needs
Information Booklet for Parents
April 2014


© NCSE 2014
National Council for Special Education 1-2 Mill Street, Trim, Co Meath
An Chomhairle Náisiúta um Oideachas Specisialta 1-2 Stráid an Mhuilinn Baile Átha Troim Co. na Mí T: 046 948 6400 F: 046 948 6404 www.ncse.ie

Table of Contents
Foreword .............................................................................................................................5
Abbreviations...........................................................................................................................6
Introduction............................................................................................................................. 7
What is a Special Educational Need?............................................................................................9 Understanding special educational needs................................................................................... 9
Where is Education Provided?.................................................................................................... 11 The EPSEN Act 2004................................................................................................................. 11
Types of Education Provision.....................................................................................................13 Choosing a school for your child................................................................................................14
What Supports are Available for your Child?................................................................................17 Early childhood education........................................................................................................ 17 School aged children................................................................................................................19 Mainstream classes in mainstream schools: additional teaching support......................................19 Primary schools...................................................................................................................... 20 Post-primary schools................................................................................................................ 21 Mainstream classes in mainstream schools: special needs assistant support................................. 21 Transfer of supports from primary to post-primary school........................................................... 23 How is support provided in mainstream schools and classes?...................................................... 24 Resource and learning support teachers.................................................................................... 24 Department of Education and Skills: categories of special educational needs for the purpose of allocating resources............................................................................................ 24 Special classes in mainstream schools /special schools: additional teaching and SNA supports...... 25 Other supports....................................................................................................................... 25
What is a Learning Disability?................................................................................................... 27 General learning disability (GLD)...............................................................................................27 Mild general learning disability................................................................................................ 28 Moderate general learning disability........................................................................................ 28 Severe/profound general learning disability.............................................................................. 29 Categories of general learning disability................................................................................... 29 Specific learning disability....................................................................................................... 30
How are a Child’s Educational Needs Assessed?...........................................................................31 First steps................................................................................................................................ 31 The early years........................................................................................................................ 32 Children of school-going age.................................................................................................... 32

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Table of Contents

What will your Child Learn at School?........................................................................................ 35 Primary schools...................................................................................................................... 35 Post-primary schools............................................................................................................... 36 Reasonable accommodation in certificate examinations.............................................................37 Exemption from the study of Irish..............................................................................................37 Other programmes..................................................................................................................37 Individual education plans....................................................................................................... 38
How should Transition be Planned?........................................................................................... 39 Transitions during school life.................................................................................................... 39 Moving into primary school..................................................................................................... 40 Moving into post-primary school.............................................................................................. 40 Moving on from post-primary mainstream schools and special schools.........................................41
How can You Support your Child?.............................................................................................. 43 Parents as partners in education.............................................................................................. 43 Everyday school life................................................................................................................. 44 How do schools communicate with parents?............................................................................. 44 How do parents communicate with schools?............................................................................. 45 Where do you go if you are not satisfied with your child’s education/development?...................... 46
What Organisations are there to Support your Child?.................................................................. 47 The National Council for Special Education................................................................................ 47 State bodies and their agencies................................................................................................ 49
Where can You get more Information about your Child’s Special Educational Needs?.......................51 Access.................................................................................................................................... 52 Benefits and allowances.......................................................................................................... 52 Disability organisations........................................................................................................... 52 Equality and human rights....................................................................................................... 54 Events.................................................................................................................................... 54 Government........................................................................................................................... 54 International links................................................................................................................... 55 Public services........................................................................................................................ 55 State agencies........................................................................................................................ 55 Support services..................................................................................................................... 55 Travel and transport................................................................................................................ 56
Appendix 1: Definitions of Special Educational Needs.................................................................. 57
Appendix 2: The Broader Legislative Framework........................................................................ 62 The Education Act 1998........................................................................................................... 62 The Disability Act 2005............................................................................................................ 63 The Data Protection Acts (1988, 1998 and 2003)....................................................................... 63 Freedom of Information Act (1998).......................................................................................... 63
Bibliography...........................................................................................................................64

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National Council for Special Education  Children with Special Educational Needs

Foreword
One of the many functions of the National Council for Special Education (NCSE) is to provide information to parents/guardians of children with special educational needs.
This is the second edition of an information booklet for parents/guardians and is intended to help parents/guardians understand more about their child’s special educational needs, how these needs are assessed and the supports that are available to their child in school. The NCSE intends to build on this booklet by publishing information pamphlets in relation to specific special educational needs in the future.
The NCSE places great importance on the delivery of a local service to schools and parents/guardians through our network of Special Educational Needs Organisers (SENOs) throughout the country. It is intended that this information booklet will complement the work of SENOs and schools in helping parents to make informed decisions concerning the education of their child with special educational needs.
I hope that this booklet is a helpful source of information for you.
Teresa Griffin CEO April 2014

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Abbreviations

ADHD AON ASD DES
DSM-IV DSM-V
EBD ECCE EPSEN FETAC GAM GLD HSE ICD -10
IEP JCSP LCA LCVP NBSS NCCA NCSE NEPS NEWB PHN RACE SEC SENO SERC SESS SNA SSLD TES

Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder Assessment of need Autistic Spectrum Disorder Department of Education and Skills Diagnostic Statistical Manual, Volume 4 Diagnostic Statistical Manual, Volume 5 Emotional and Behavioural Disorders Early Childhood Care and Education Education for Persons with Special Educational Needs Further Education and Training Awards Council General Allocation Model General Learning Disability Health Service Executive International Classification of Diseases 10th Revision Individual Education Plan Junior Certificate School Programme Leaving Certificate Applied Leaving Certificate Vocational Programme National Behaviour Support Service National Council for Curriculum and Assessment National Council for Special Education National Educational Psychological Service National Educational Welfare Board Public Health Nurse Reasonable Accommodations in Certificate Examinations State Examination Commission Special Educational Needs Organiser Special Education Review Committee Special Education Support Service Special Needs Assistant Specific Speech and Language Disorder Teacher Education Section of the DES

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National Council for Special Education  Children with Special Educational Needs

Introduction
All children, including children with special educational needs, have a right to an education which is appropriate to their needs. The aims of education for pupils with special educational needs are the same as apply to all children. Education should be about enabling all children, in line with their abilities, to live full and independent lives so that they can contribute to their communities, cooperate with other people and continue to learn throughout their lives. Education is about supporting children to develop in all aspects of their lives – spiritual, moral, cognitive, emotional, imaginative, aesthetic, social and physical. This booklet is written for parents to answer key questions they may have about special education, both generally and as it relates to their child. The word 'parent' in this document should also be taken to include guardians of children.

Introduction
Topics covered in the booklet include: • What is a special educational need? • What is inclusive education? • What supports are available for your child? • How are the supports provided? • What is a learning disability? • How are your child’s special educational needs assessed? • What will your child learn in school? • How should transition from primary to post-primary school be planned? • How can parents support their children? • What organisations are there to support your child? • Where can you get more information? We hope that this booklet will help parents to feel more informed and more confident when making decisions that affect their children's education in school.

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National Council for Special Education  Children with Special Educational Needs
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