Effect of weight training and circuit training on selected

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Effect of weight training and circuit training on selected

Transcript Of Effect of weight training and circuit training on selected

International Journal of Physiology, Nutrition and Physical Education 2018; 3(1): 1802-1804

ISSN: 2456-0057 IJPNPE 2018; 3(1): 1802-1804 © 2018 IJPNPE www.journalofsports.com Received: 16-11-2017 Accepted: 17-12-2017 Amit Tomar Research Scholar University of Delhi, New Delhi, India
Correspondence Amit Tomar Research Scholar University of Delhi, New Delhi, India

Effect of weight training and circuit training on selected strength and physiological variables of
swimmers in Delhi district
Amit Tomar
Abstract The aim of the study was to investigate the effect Effect of Weight Training and Circuit Training on Selected Strength and Physiological Variables of Swimmers in Delhi District. Total sample size is 45 which is divided into three group i.e. weight training, circuit training and control group and 15 sample were selected in each group. Random Sampling was used to select subject. ANCOVA was used as Statistical tools.
Keywords: Weight training, circuit training, swimmers and strength
Introduction Correct form in weight training improves strength, muscle tone, and maintaining a healthy weight. Proper form will prevent any strains or fractures. When the exercise becomes difficult towards the end of a set, there is a temptation to cheat, i.e., to use poor form to recruit other muscle groups to assist the effort. Avoid heavy weight and keep the number of repetitions to a minimum. This may shift the effort to weaker muscles that cannot handle the weight. For example, the squat and the deadlift are used to exercise the largest muscles in the body— the leg and buttock muscles-so they require substantial weight. Beginners are tempted to round their back while performing these exercises. The relaxation of the spinal erectors which allows the lower back to round can cause shearing in the vertebrae of the lumbar spine, potentially damaging the spinal discs. In addition to the basic principles of strength training, a further consideration added by weight training is the equipment used. Types of equipment include barbells, dumbbells, pulleys and stacks in the form of weight machines, and the body's own weight in the case of chinups and push-ups. Different types of weights will give different types of resistance, and often the same absolute weight can have different relative weights depending on the type of equipment used. For example, lifting 10 kilograms using a dumbbell sometimes requires more force than moving 10 kilograms on a weight stack if certain pulley arrangements are used. In other cases, the weight stack may require more force than the equivalent dumbbell weight due to additional torque or resistance in the machine. Additionally, although they may display the same weight stack, different machines may be heavier or lighter depending on the number of pulleys and their arrangements. Circuit training is also been considered for a kind of weight training, typical circuit training workout includes about 8-10 exercise stations. After completing a station, instead of resting, you move quickly to the next station. A muscular strength and endurance circuit alternates muscle groups, such as upper body, lower body and core, so little or no rest is needed in between stations. This article focuses on another form of circuit training: aerobic + strength. This type of circuit alternates 1-2 sets of resistance exercise (body weight, free weights, dumbbells, kettle bells, bands, etc.), with brief bouts of cardiovascular exercise (jogging in place, stationary cycling, rowing, etc.) lasting anywhere from 30 seconds to 3 minutes. Depending on your goals and the number of circuit stations, you can complete 1 or more circuits in a 30-60 minute session.
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International Journal of Physiology, Nutrition and Physical Education
Objective of the Study The study is to determine the Effects of Weight Training and Circuit Training on Selected Strength and Physiological Variables of Swimmers in Delhi.

Delimitation The study is further delimited to Delhi region. (South West) The study is further delimited to Male Players. The study is further delimited to the age group of 18-22. The study is further delimited Swimming Players.

Sample of the Study

S. no 1. 2. 3.

Category of the subjects Weight training Group Circuit Training group Control group Total subjects

Number of Subjects 15 15 15 45

Methods & Materials Forty Five Swimmers of Delhi District, studying in various colleges were selected as subjects. The age of the subjects ranged from 18 to 22 years. The selected subjects were divided into three equal groups, each group consisted of 15 subjects, (In group -1) 15 subjects underwent weight training, (in group – II) 15 subjects underwent Circuit Training and (in group–III) 15 subjects acted as control group, which did not participate in any special activities apart from their regular

curricular activities. The training period for weight training group and Circuit Training group was three days (alternative days) per week for twelve weeks. The following variables were selected for the study: strength: leg strength, strength endurance and Physiological variable: vital capacity. The leg strength was assessed by using leg lift with dynamometer and it was recorded in kilograms, strength endurance was assessed by administering sit-ups test and it was recorded in numbers per minutes and vital capacity was assessed by using the wet spirometer and it was recorded in litters. Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) was applied to find out the significant difference if any, among the experimental groups and control group on Selected criterion variables separately. In all the cases,.05 level of confidence was fixed to test the significance, which was considered appropriate. Whenever the ‘F’ ratio was a significant in adjusted post-test mean, the Scheffé S was applied as post-hoc test.
Results and Discussion The data collected on leg strength, strength endurance and vital capacity among weight training group, Circuit Training group and control group of Swimmers in Delhi were analyzed and presented in Table – 1.
Experimental and Control Groups.

Table 1: Analysis of Covariance on Selected Criterion Variables among

Variables Pre – test & post Weight Training Circuit Weight Control ‘F’ Ratio

test

Group

Training Group Group

Leg Strength Pre-test Mean ± S.D 77.13 ± 5.668

76.20 ± 5.48

77.13 ±

0.123

(in Kgs.)

6.664

Post-test Mean

79.33± 5.447

78.27 ± 5.59

76.40±

0.922

± S.D

6.822

Adj. Post-test

79.027

78.879

76.094 27.104*

Mean

Strength

Pre-test Mean ±

32.47 ± 3.226

30.67 ± 2.19

32.07 ±

1.555

Endurance

S.D

3.282

(No./min)

Post-test Mean

35.27 ± 3.081

34.13 ± 2.20

31.20 ± 8.381*

± S.D.

3.052

Adj. Post-test

34.680

34.987

30.933

31.22*

Mean

Vital

Pre-test Mean ±

3.43 ± 0.16

3.44 ± 1.40 3.43 ± 0.17 0.026

CapacityS.D

(Litters)

Post-test Mean

3.67 ± 0.13

3.66 ± 0.15

3.42 ±

14.25*

± S.D

0.873

Adj. Post-test

3.667

3.655

3.425

30.19*

Mean

*Significant 0.05 level of confidence. (The table values required for significance at.05 level of confidence with df 1 and 28 and 1 and 27 were 4.20 and 4.21 respectively).

Table – 1 shows that pre and post-test means ‘f ratio of weight training group, Circuit Training group and control group on leg strength were 0.123 and 0.922, which was not significant (p>0.05). The adjusted post-test mean ‘f’ ratio value of experimental groups and control group was 27.104, which was significant (p<0.05). The pre and post-test means ‘f ratio of weight training group, Circuit Training group and control group on strength endurances were 1.555, which was not significant (p>0.05) and 8.381, which was significant

(p<0.05). The adjusted post-test mean ‘f’ ratio value of experimental groups and control group was 31.22, which was significant (p<0.05). The pre and post-test means ‘f ratio of weight training group, Circuit Training group and control group on vital capacity was 0.026, which was not significant (p>0.05) and 14.25, which was significant (p>0.05). The adjusted post-test mean ‘f’ ratio value of experimental groups and control group was 30.19, which was significant (p>0.05).

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International Journal of Physiology, Nutrition and Physical Education
Selected Criterion Variables Adjusted Post-test Mean on Leg Strength

Table 2: Scheffe’s Test for the Difference between the Adjusted Post-Test Mean on

Weight Circuit Weight Control Group Mean Difference

Training Training Group

Group

79.027

---

76.094

2.933*

79.027

78.879

---

0.148

---

78.879

76.094

2.785*

Adjusted Post-test Mean on Strength endurances

34.680

---

30.933

3.747*

34.680

34.987

---

0.307

---

34.987

30.933

4.054*

Adjusted Post-test Mean on Vital capacity

3.667

---

3.425

0.242*

3.667

3.655

---

0.012

---

3.655

3.425

0.23*

* Significant at.05 level of confidence.

Confidence interval at.05
level 1.140067 1.140067 1.140067
1.444971 1.444971 1.444971
0.089348 0.089348 0.089348

Table – 2 shows that the Scheff S Test for the difference

between adjusted post-test mean in leg strength of weight 6.

training group and control group (2.933) and Circuit Training

group and control group (2.785), which were significant at.05

level of confidence. There was a significant difference in

strength endurances between weight training group and

control group (3.747) and Circuit Training group and control

group (4.054) and also there was a significant difference on

vital capacity between weight training group and control 7.

group (0.242) and Circuit Training group and control group

(0.23) which was significant at 0.05 level of confidence after

the respective training programme.

8.

Conclusions

9.

There was a significant improvement in leg strength after the

weight training period and circuit weight training. There was

a significant improvement in strength endurance due to

weight training and circuit weight training. The improvement

in vital capacity was significantly higher for weight training 10.

group and for Circuit Training group when compared with the

control group. It was also found that there was no significant

difference was found between the weight training group and

Circuit Training group on selected criterion variables. Control

group (3.747) and Circuit Training group and control group 11.

(4.054) and also there was a significant difference on vital

capacity between weight training group and control group

(0.242) and Circuit Training group and control group (0.23)

which was significant at 0.05 level of confidence after the 12.

respective training programme.

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1969, 15. Raphael Brandon. Circuit Training: Weight Training Circuits will Improve Aerobic Fitness, Muscle Strength and Help Reduce Body Fat, Sports Performance Bulletin, Retrieved from http://www.pponline.co.uk/ encyc/circuittrainingweight-training-circuits-will-improveaerobicfitness-muscle-strength-and-help-reduce-body-fat604# on 22-03 2014. Frank W. Dick, Carl Johnson and Walf Paish, Strength Training for Athletics, (London: British Amateur Athletic Board, 1978, 6. Retrievedfromhttp://wiki.answers.com/Q/How_does_lon g_term_exercise_effect vital_capacity on 25-04-2014. Paul C. Godwin, Effect of Weight Training and Resistance Training on Selected Biomotor, Physiological and Skill Variables among Tamilnadu State Hockey Players, Unpublished Ph.D., Dissertation, (Tamilnadu Physical Education and Sports University, 2013. G Rajamohan, P Kanagasabai, Suthakar Krishnaswamy, Annida Balakrishnan. Effect of Complex and Contrast Resistance and Plyometric Training on Selected Strength and Power Parameters, Journal of Experimental Science, 2010; 1(12):1-12. LR Gettman, JJ Ayres, ML Pollock, Jackson A. The Effect of Circuit Trainingon Strength, Cardio -respiratory Function, and Body Composition of Adult Men, Journal of Medical Science in Sports. 1978; 10(3):171-6. H. Kaikkonen, M. Yrjama, E. Siljander, P. Byman and R. Laukkanen, The Effect of Heart Rate Controlled Low Resistance Circuit Trainingand Endurance Training on Maximal Aerobic Power in Sedentary Adult, Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2000; 10(4):211-5. A Subramanian. Investigation of Core Strength Training Induced Adaptations on Selected Physical and Physiological Parameters of Cricket Players, International Journal of Physical Education, Fitness and Sports. 2014; 3:(1):65-70.
Weight TrainingCircuit TrainingStudyStrengthCapacity