Hybrid Power Generation System Using Wind Energy and Solar Energy

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Hybrid Power Generation System Using Wind Energy and Solar Energy

Transcript Of Hybrid Power Generation System Using Wind Energy and Solar Energy

International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, Volume 5, Issue 3, March 2015

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ISSN 2250-3153

Hybrid Power Generation System Using Wind Energy and Solar Energy
Ashish S. Ingole*, Prof. Bhushan S. Rakhonde**
* Department of Electrical Engineering, DES’s COET, Dhamangaon (RLY) ** Department of Electrical Engineering, DES’s COET, Dhamangaon (RLY)

Abstract- Now a day’s electricity is most needed facility for the human being. All the conventional energy resources are depleting day by day. So we have to shift from conventional to non-conventional energy resources. In this the combination of two energy resources is takes place i.e. wind and solar energy. This process reviles the sustainable energy resources without damaging the nature. We can give uninterrupted power by using hybrid energy system. Basically this system involves the integration of two energy system that will give continuous power. Solar panels are used for converting solar energy and wind turbines are used for converting wind energy into electricity. This electrical power can utilize for various purpose. Generation of electricity will be takes place at affordable cost. This paper deals with the generation of electricity by using two sources combine which leads to generate electricity with affordable cost without damaging the nature balance.
Index Terms- electricity, hybrid, solar, power, wind.
I. INTRODUCTION
E Electricity is most needed for our day to day life. There are two ways of electricity generation either by conventional energy resources or by non-conventional energy resources. Electrical energy demand increases in word so to fulfill demand we have to generate electrical energy. Now a day’s electrical energy is generated by the conventional energy resources like coal, diesel, and nuclear etc. The main drawback of these sources is that it produces waste like ash in coal power plant, nuclear waste in nuclear power plant and taking care of this wastage is very costly. And it also damages he nature. The nuclear waste is very harmful to human being also. The conventional energy resources are depleting day by day. Soon it will be completely vanishes from the earth so we have to find another way to generate electricity. The new source should be reliable, pollution free and economical. The non-conventional energy resources should be good alternative energy resources for the conventional energy resources. There are many non-conventional energy resources like geothermal, tidal, wind, solar etc. the tidal energy has drawbacks like it can only implemented on sea shores. While geothermal energy needs very lager step to extract heat from earth. Solar and wind are easily available in all condition. The non-conventional energy resources like solar, wind can be good alternative source. Solar energy has drawback that it could not produce electrical energy in rainy and cloudy season so we need to overcome this drawback we can use two energy resources so that any one of source fails other source will keep generating the

electricity. And in good weather condition we can use both sources combine.
II. HYBRID ENERGY SYSTEM
Hybrid energy system is the combination of two energy sources for giving power to the load. In other word it can defined as “Energy system which is fabricated or designed to extract power by using two energy sources is called as the hybrid energy system.” Hybrid energy system has good reliability, efficiency, less emission, and lower cost.
In this proposed system solar and wind power is used for generating power. Solar and wind has good advantages than other than any other non-conventional energy sources. Both the energy sources have greater availability in all areas. It needs lower cost. There is no need to find special location to install this system.
A. Solar Energy Solar energy is that energy which is gets by the radiation of
the sun. Solar energy is present on the earth continuously and in abundant manner. Solar energy is freely available. It doesn’t produce any gases that mean it is pollution free. It is affordable in cost. It has low maintenance cost. Only problem with solar system it cannot produce energy in bad weather condition. But it has greater efficiency than other energy sources. It only need initial investment. It has long life span and has lower emission.
B. Wind Energy Wind energy is the energy which is extracted from wind. For
extraction we use wind mill. Ii is renewable energy sources. The wind energy needs less cost for generation of electricity. Maintenance cost is also less for wind energy system. Wind energy is present almost 24 hours of the day. It has less emission. Initial cost is also less of the system. Generation of electricity from wind is depend upon the speed of wind flowing.
The major disadvantages of using independent renewable energy resources are that unavailability of power for all time. For overcoming this we use solar and wind energy together. So that any one source of power fails other will take care of the generation. In this proposed system we can use both sources combine. Another way is that we can use any one source and keep another source as a stand by unit. This will leads to continuity of generation. This will make system reliable. The main disadvantages of this system are that it needs high initial cost. Except that it is reliable, it has less emission. Maintance cost is less. Life span of this system is more. Efficiency is more.

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International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, Volume 5, Issue 3, March 2015

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ISSN 2250-3153

A main advantage of this system is that it gives continuous power supply.
III. DESIGN OF HYBRID ENERGY SYSTEM For desing of the hybrid energy system we need to find the data as follows
A. Data required for Solar System:
1. Annual mean daily duration of Sunshine hours 2. Daily Solar Radiation horizontal (KWH/m2/day)
B. Data required for Wind System:
1. Mean Annual Hourly Wind Speed (m/sec) 2. Wind Power that can be generated from the wind turbine

iv. Battery bank

v. Inverter

i.

Solar panel

Solar panel is use to convert solar radiation to the

electrical energy. The physical of PV cell is very similar to

that of the classical diode with a PN junction formed by

semiconductor material. When the junction absorbs light, the

energy of absorbed photon is transferred to the electron-

proton system of the material, creating charge carriers that

are separated at the junction. The charge carriers in the

junction region create a potential gradient, get accelerated

under the electric field, and circulate as current through an

external circuit. Solar array or panel is a group of a several

modules electrically connected in series parallel combination

to generate the required current and voltage. Solar panels are

the medium to convert solar power into the electrical power.

ii.

Wind turbine

Wind turbine is that system which extracts energy from

wind by rotation of the blades of the wind turbine. Basically

wind turbine has two types one is vertical and another is

horizontal. As the wind speed increases power generation is

also increases. The power generated from wind is not

continuous its fluctuating. For obtain the non-fluctuating

power we have to store in battery and then provide it to the

load.

iii.

Charge controller

Charge controller has basic function is that it control the

source which is to be active or inactive. It simultaneously

charge battery and also gives power to the load. The

controller has over-charge protection, short-circuit

protection, pole confusion protection and automatic dump-

load function. It also the function is that it should vary the

power as per the load demand. It add the both the power so

that the load demand can fulfill. And when power is not

generating it should extract power from battery and give it to

the load.

iv.

Battery Bank

We have to choose battery bank size per the load

requirement so that it should fulfill the requirement of load

for calculating the battery bank size we need to find

following data

1. Find total daily use in watt-hour (Wh).

2. Find total back up time of the battery

Fig. Block diagram of Hybrid energy generation system
Above figure shows the block diagram of the hybrid power generation system using wind and solar power. This block diagram includes following blocks.
i. Solar panel ii. Wind turbine iii. Charge controller

For increase in battery bank size we need to connect cell in series so that we can get the larger battery bank size.

v.

Inverter

We have to choose greater rating inverter than the

desired rating .The pure sign wave inverter is recommended

in other to prolong the lifespan of the inverter. Inverter is

need to convert DC power into AC power. As our load

working on the AC supply so we need to convert DC power.

The input voltage Output voltage and frequency, and overall

power handling depends on the design of the specific device

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ISSN 2250-3153

or the circuitry. The inverter does not produce any power. The power is provided by the DC source.

CT = (NW * CWT) + (NS * CSP) + (NB * CB)

IV. PROPOSED CALCULATION

The total power generated by this system may be given as the addition of the power generated by the solar PV panel and power generated by the wind turbine.
Mathematically it can be represented as,

Where,

PT = NW * Pw +Ns * PS
PT is the total power generated PW is the power generated by wind turbines PS is the power generated by solar panels NW is the no of wind turbine Ns is the no of solar panels used

A. Calculations for wind energy

The power generated by wind energy is given by, Power = (density of air * swept area * velocity cubed)/2

Where,

PW = ½. ρ (AW) (V) 3
P is power in watts (W) ρ is the air density in kilograms per cubic meter (kg/m³) AW is the swept area by air in square meters (m²) V is the wind speed in meters per second (m/s).

B. Calculations for solar energy

To determine the size of PV modules, the required energy consumption must be estimated. Therefore, the power is calculated as

PS = Ins (t) * AS*Eff(pv) Where,
Ins (t) = isolation at time t (kw/ m2) AS = area of single PV panel (m2)
Effpv = overall efficiency of the PV panels and dc/dc
converters.

Overall efficiency is given by,

Where,

Eff(pv)= H * PR
H = Annual average solar radiation on tilted panels. PR = Performance ratio, coefficient for losses.

C. Cost

The total cost of the solar-wind hybrid energy system is depend upon the total no of wind turbines used and total no of solar panels used. Therefore the total cost is given as follows

Total cost=(No. of Wind Turbine * Cost of single Wind Turbine) + (No. of Solar Panels * Cost of single Solar Panel) + (No. of Batteries used in Battery Bank * Cost of single Battery)

Where,

CT is the total cost in Rs CWT is the cost of single wind turbine in Rs CSP is the cost of single solar panel in Rs CB is the Cost of single Battery in Rs NW is the number of wind turbine used NS is the number of solar panels used NB is the number of Batteries used in Battery Bank.

Solar-wind hybrid energy systems needs only initial investment. It will compete well in generation with the conventional energy sources. When accounted for a lifetime of reduced or avoided utility costs. The cost of the system depends on the system chosen, wind resource on the site, electric costs in the area, and the battery bank required. Cost of the Wind-Solar Hybrid system is to be minimized. For minimize the cost of the system we need to increase the use of non conventional energy sources. So that production of solar and wind power generator will be increase. That will reduce cost of the whole system.

V. CONCLUSION
Hybrid power generation system is good and effective solution for power generation than conventional energy resources. It has greater efficiency. It can provide to remote places where government is unable to reach. So that the power can be utilize where it generated so that it will reduce the transmission losses and cost. Cost reduction can be done by increasing the production of the equipment. People should motivate to use the non conventional energy resources. It is highly safe for the environment as it doesn’t produce any emission and harmful waste product like conventional energy resources. It is cost effective solution for generation. It only need initial investment. It has also long life span. Overall it good, reliable and affordable solution for electricity generation.

ACKNOWLEDGMENT
Authors wish to thanks DES’s College of Engineering & Technology, Dhamangaon (RLY), Maharshtra, India. Also like to pay gratitude towards Head of Department, Electrical Engineering and Principal DES’s College of Engineering & Technology, Dhamangaon (RLY), Maharshtra, India for their valuable support and encouragement.

REFERENCES
[1] I. A. Adejumobi, S.G. Oyagbinrin, F. G. Akinboro & M.B. Olajide, “Hybrid Solar and Wind Power: An Essential for Information Communication Technology Infrastructure and people in rural communities”, IJRRAS, Volume 9, Issue1, October 2011, pp 130-138. [2] Kavita Sharma, Prateek Haksar “Designing of Hybrid Power Generation System using Wind Energy- Photovoltaic Solar Energy- Solar Energy with Nanoantenna” Internationa Journal of Engineering Research And Applications (IJERA) Vol. 2, Issue 1,Jan-Feb 2012, pp.812-815 . [3] Sandeep Kumar, Vijay Kumar Garg, “A Hybrid model of Solar-Wind Power Generation System”, International Journal of Advanced Research in Electrical, Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering (IJAREEIE), Vol. 2, Issue 8, August 2013, pp. 4107-4016.

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[4] Yandra Shivrath , P. Badari Narayana , Srikanth Thirumalasetty , Dr.E.Laxmi Narsaiah ,“ Design & Integration of Wind-Solar Hybrid Energy System for Drip Irrigation Pumping Application”, International Journal of Modern Engineering Research (IJMER),Vol.2, Issue.4, July-Aug 2012 pp-2947-2950 [5] Ravi Dwivedi, Kshitiz Upadhyay, Ankur Kumar Singhand Anant Kumar, ”Proposed model for the wind energy harnessing system in trains ” International Journal of Applied Engineering and Technology ISSN: 2277-212X , Vol. 1 (1) October-December 2011, pp.119-126.

Authors
First Author – Ashish S. Ingole, B.E.(Pursing), DES’s College of Engineering & Technology, Dhamangaon (RLY), Maharshtra, India,. E-mail Id- [email protected] Second Author–Prof. Bhushan S. Rakhonde, M.Tech.(Pursing), DES’s College of Engineering & Technology, Dhamangaon (RLY), Maharshtra, India. E-mail Id- [email protected]

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