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Transcript Of INVENTIONS CREATED BY WOMEN - University of Iowa

1. The Car Heater (Margaret A. Wilcox, 1893)
We all owe our thanks to Margaret A. Wilcox who invented the car heater in 1893! (Margaret also invented a combined clothes and dishwasher.)

2. Monopoly (Elizabeth Magie Phillips, 1904)
This popular board game was designed by Elizabeth Magie Phillips in 1904, originally called the Landlord's Game. The purpose of this game was to expose the injustices of unchecked capitalism. Her game was stolen by Charles Darrow who sold it to Parker Brother's 30 years later. However Parker Brothers later paid Elizabeth $500 for her game.
3. The Fire Escape (Anna Connelly, 1887)
The fire escape was invented by Anna Connelly in 1887

4. The Life Raft (Maria Beasely, 1882)
The life‐saving Life Raft was invented by Maria Beasely in 1882. (Maria also invented a machine that makes barrels.)
5. Residential Solar Heating (Dr. Maria Telkes, 1947)
Solar heating for residential housing was invented by Dr. Maria Telkes in 1947. Dr. Telkes was a Psychiatrist in addition to being a Solar‐Power Pioneer.

6. The Medical Syringe (Letitia Geer, 1899)
The medical syringe which could be operated with only one hand was invented by a woman by the name of Letitia Geer in 1899.
7. The Modern Electric Refrigerator (Florence Parpart, 1914)
The electric refrigerator was invented by Florence Parpart in 1914. (Florence also invented an improved street cleaning machine in addition to the refrigerator)

8. The Ice Cream Maker (Nancy Johnson, 1843)
The ice cream maker was invented by a woman named Nancy Johnson in 1843. Her patented design is still used today!
9. The Computer Algorithm (Ada Lovelace, 1842)
Ada Lovelace is essentially the first computer programmer due to her work with Charles Babbage at the University of London in 1842. In fact her notes was an essential key to helping Alan Turing's work on the first modern computers in the 1940s.

10. Telecommunications Technology (Shirley Jackson)
Some of the Telecommunication Technology developed by Dr. Shirley Jackson include portable fax, touch tone telephone, solar cells, fibre optic cables, and the technology behind caller ID and call waiting.
11. The Dishwasher (Josephine Cochrane in 1887)
The Dishwasher was invented by Josephine Cochrane in 1887. Before her time, she even marketed her machine to hotel owners and even opened her own factory without the help of a man!

12. Wireless Transmission Technology (Hedy Lamarr, 1942)
Hedy Lamarr, a world famous film star, invented a secret communications system during World War II for radio‐controlling torpedoes. This Technology also paved the way for everything from Wi‐Fi to GPS.

13. Closed‐Circuit Television Security (CCTV) (Marie Van Brittan Brown, 1969)
Marie Van Brittan Brown invented CCTV because of the slow response of police officers in 1969 to help people ensure their own security. This invention influenced modern CCTV systems used for home security and police work today.

14. The Modern Paper Bag (Margaret Knight, 1871)
Margaret Knight invented a machine that makes square bottomed paper bags in 1871. She almost didn't get credit when Charles Anan tried to steal her work claiming that it wasn't possible for a woman to create this brilliant invention. (Margaret also invented a safety device for cotton mills when she was 12... that invention is still being used today.)
15. Central Heating (Alice Parker, 1919)
Although Alice Parker's invention in 1919 of a gas powered central heater was never manufactured. Her idea was the first that allowed for using natural gas to heat a home, inspiring the central heating systems used today

16. Kevlar (Stephanie Kwolek, 1965)
This life‐saving material that is 5 times stronger than steel and used to make bulletproof vests was invented in 1965 by Stephanie Kwolek