Plan Performance Performance Measures

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Plan Performance Performance Measures

Transcript Of Plan Performance Performance Measures

PLAN PERFORMANCE
PERFORMANCE MEASURES

SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA ASSOCIATION OF GOVERNMENTS

TECHNICAL REPORT
ADOPTED ON SEPTEMBER 3, 2020

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

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INTRODUCTION

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ANALYTICAL APPROACH

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CONNECT SOCAL PERFORMANCE MEASURES

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ON-GOING PERFORMANCE MONITORING

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REGULATORY FRAMEWORK

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MAP-21 SYSTEM PERFORMANCE REPORT

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CONCLUSION

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TECHNICAL REPORT
PERFORMANCE MEASURES ADOPTED ON SEPTEMBER 3, 2020
connectsocal.org

PLAN PERFORMANCE
Performance Measures

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
OVERVIEW OF PERFORMANCE MONITORING
The setting of goals and the subsequent monitoring of performance toward achieving those goals is a critical ingredient for success in any endeavor. As the Metropolitan Planning Organization (MPO) for a six county region in Southern California with a population now exceeding 19 million inhabitants, SCAG is required to develop a Regional Transportation Plan and Sustainable Communities Strategy (RTP/SCS) every four years to set a guiding vision for what the region will look like and how it will function over the next 20-25 years. The RTP/SCS establishes regional priorities for the coordinated planning efforts and allocation of resources that will be needed to achieve that vision. These resources most notably include the financial support available to fund much needed regional transportation system improvements.
The performance monitoring of our regional transportation system investments has always been an important means for evaluating progress being made toward meeting our regional goals and the efficiency of the various projects and policies that have been implemented to help achieve them. However, with limited funding options available to support the maintenance and operation of our existing transportation infrastructure, as well as to fund the numerous other transportation related projects needed to help make our communities more sustainable and energy efficient, the role of performance monitoring in the regional planning process has become even more critical.

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The objective of the Connect SoCal performance measures is to provide a quantitative mechanism to effectively link the regional goals identified in the Plan with actual performance at the implementation level. Performance monitoring is key to understanding which projects, programs, and strategies are proving successful in meeting specific regional goals and which ones may require modification or reconsideration. Ultimately, progress toward achieving SCAG’s regional objectives is made through implementation of the RTP/SCS at the local level. The implementation of a carefully calibrated monitoring program, able to provide a quantitative assessment of how our programs and strategies are performing toward achievement of the regional goals identified in Connect SoCal, will serve to guide and support future regional and local planning efforts and transportation system investment options.
As our region continually evolves, so does our collective vision of what the SCAG region should look like, what its priorities should be, and what course should be set for its future. While the specific outcomes and measures may change over subsequent RTP/SCS cycles, the primary objective of the regional performance monitoring program of informing the task of defining the future of our region, will remain unchanged.
THE CONNECT SOCAL PERFORMANCE MEASURES TECHNICAL REPORT
The investments identified in Connect SoCal are expected to result in significant benefits to our region, not only in regard to regional mobility and accessibility improvements, but also to air quality, economic activity and job creation, community sustainability, climate amelioration and environmental justice. Once fully implemented, Connect SoCal is expected to achieve specific performance outcomes reflective of these desired benefits. These outcomes, and the associated metrics that will be used to gauge our region’s progress toward achieving them, are the focus of this Technical Report.
This Technical Report will present the specific performance metrics that were used to evaluate the various planning scenarios employed in the development

of Connect SoCal. It will also introduce the set of performance measures used to assess the Connect SoCal Environmental Justice element. Finally, this report will include a third set of metrics which will be used to support the on-going regional monitoring program to evaluate implementation of Connect SoCal over time. These three sets of performance measures will be presented in tabular format, including a description of what is being measured and the sources being enlisted to provide the necessary data.
The results of the Connect SoCal performance analyses will be presented in either graphical or tabular format, depending on the nature of the variable involved. This Technical Report will also provide a summary table comparing the results of all of the Connect SoCal performance metrics for the 2045 Baseline (without implementation of the Plan), and the 2045 Plan (full implementation of the investments, plans and strategies included in Connect SoCal).
To facilitate our regional performance monitoring efforts and to maximize the inter-jurisdictional compatibility of collected performance data, SCAG encourages, but does not require, local agencies to maintain a level of consistency with the performance measures included in Connect SoCal, to such an extent as is feasible, in their sub-regional and project-level planning studies and reports.
INTRODUCTION
REPORT ORGANIZATION
The purpose of this Technical Report is to provide information regarding the performance assessment and monitoring processes that are integral to the success of Connect SoCal. The content of the report is organized to first present the specific measures being used by SCAG to evaluate Connect SoCal, the metrics used in support of the Environmental Justice program, and the measures to be used for on-going regional monitoring of the implementation of the Plan. Descriptions will be provided for each of the metrics and the associated outcome it is being used to assess. Finally, the results of the Connect SoCal performance evaluation will be presented. The detailed results

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of the Environmental Justice performance assessment are featured in a separate Technical Report.
In addition to discussion of the results of the performance analyses conducted in support of Connect SoCal, additional state and federal performance monitoring requirements are presented in the ‘Regulatory Framework’ section of this report, including the federally required MAP-21 ‘System Performance Report’.
CONNECT SOCAL PERFORMANCE GOALS
The Connect SoCal performance assessment process provides an important means for determining how well the program of investments included in the Plan correspond to its overall goals and to its vision for the future of the SCAG region. As part of the development of Connect SoCal, a set of ten high level goals were adopted, as presented below in TABLE 1. The RTP/SCS goals are intentionally general in nature, and the Connect SoCal performance measures are not intended to specifically match them. However, they are complementary, with most of the performance measures supporting multiple goals.

CONNECT SOCAL OUTCOMES AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES
SCAG has been incorporating performance measurement in its RTP development since the 1998 Plan. For the 2004 RTP, SCAG developed a set of measurable goals and performance outcomes that were based upon the principle of sustainability, which is not limited only to the environment and the transportation-land use connection, but also has important implications for how the region meets its critical system preservation needs. Connect SoCal builds upon the sustainability goals established in previous RTP cycles, reflecting the ever-evolving needs and priorities of our region.
With passage of the ‘Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century’ (MAP-21) federal transportation authorization legislation in 2012, transportation system performance monitoring became a federal mandate. This commitment to a national performance management and reporting system was further solidified with the passage of the subsequent federal transportation authorization package (the ‘FAST Act’) in 2015. However, SCAG has been a pioneer in the development and use of performance metrics long before MAP-21 became law,

Table 1  Connect SoCal Goals
1 Encourage regional economic prosperity and global competitiveness. 2 Improve mobility, accessibility, reliability, and travel safety for people and goods. 3 Enhance the preservation, security, and resilience of the regional transportation system. 4 Increase person and goods throughput and travel choices within the transportation system. 5 Reduce greenhouse gas emissions and improve air quality. 6 Support healthy and equitable communities. 7 Adapt to a changing climate and support an integrated regional development pattern and transportation network. 8 Leverage new transportation technologies and data-driven solutions that result in more efficient travel. 9 Encourage development of diverse housing types in areas well supported by multiple transportation options. 10 Promote conservation of natural and agricultural lands and restoration of critical habitats.

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Table 2  Connect SoCal Performance Measures

Outcome

Performance Measure

Description

RTP Goals*

Data Source(s)

Location Efficiency

Share of regional household growth occurring in HQTAs

Percent of the region's total household growth occurring within HQTAs

Share of regional employment growth occurring in HQTAs

Percent of the region's total employment growth occurring within HQTAs

Land consumption

Total square miles of greenfield or otherwise rural land uses converted to urban use

Vehicle Miles Traveled (VMT) per capita

Daily vehicle miles driven per person (automobiles and light trucks)

Average distance traveled

Average distance (in miles) traveled for work and non-work trips

Percent of trips less than 3 miles

Share of work and non-work trips which are less than 3 miles in length

Work trip length distribution

Share of work trip lengths that are 10 miles or less and 25 miles or less

Person delay per capita Person hours of delay by facility type (mixed flow/ HOV/ arterials) Truck delay by facility type (highways/arterials)
Travel time distribution by mode

Daily amount of delay experienced per capita due to traffic congestion
Excess travel time resulting from the difference between a reference speed and actual speed
Excess heavy duty truck travel time resulting from the difference between a reference speed and actual speed
Travel time distribution for transit, SOV, and HOV modes

Transit mode share

Percentage of total trips that use transit (work and non-work trips)

7, 9 1, 7 7, 10 2, 5 2, 5 2, 5 2, 5 2, 4 2, 4 1, 4 2, 8 4, 7

SCAG Integrated Growth Forecast SCAG Integrated Growth Forecast Scenario Planning Model Travel Demand Model Travel Demand Model Travel Demand Model Travel Demand Model Travel Demand Model Travel Demand Model Travel Demand Model Travel Demand Model Travel Demand Model

Mobility and Accessibility

Mean commute time

Average travel time to work

2, 8

Travel Demand Model

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Performance Measures

TABLE 2 Connect SoCal Performance Measures - Continued

Outcome

Performance Measure

Collision fatality rate

Safety and Public Health

Collision serious injury rate

Air pollution-related health measures

Physical activity-related health measures

Mode share for walking and biking

Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reduction Criteria pollutant emissions Non-SOV mode share

Environmental Quality

New jobs supported by improved economic competitiveness

Description

RTP Goals*

Data Source(s)

Rate of collisions involving fatalities per 100 million vehicle miles traveled

2, 6 SStyastteewmid(SeWInITteRgSr)ated Traffic Records

R10a0temoifllcioonllisvieohnicsleinmvoillveisntgrasveeriloeuds injuries per 2, 6 SWITRS

Pollution-related respiratory disease incidence and cost

5, 6

Scenario Planning Model

Physical activity/weight related health issues and cost

6, 7

Scenario Planning Model

Percentage of trips using walking or biking (work and non-work trips)

6, 7

Travel Demand Model

Percent reduction in GHG emissions per capita (from 2005 levels)
ROG, CO, NOx, PM10, and PM2.5 emissions (tons per day)
Percentage of total trips using a travel mode other than driving alone

5, 6 TMroadveell Demand Model/ ARB EMFAC 5, 6 TMroadveell Demand Model/ ARB EMFAC

2, 4

Travel Demand Model

Number of new jobs added to the regional economy as a result of improved transportation conditions

1, 4

Regional Economic Model (REMI)

Economic Opportunity

New jobs supported by transportation system investments

Number of new jobs added to the regional economy as a result of transportation expenditures

1, 3

REMI

Transportation system investment benefit/cost ratio

Ratio of monetized user and social benefits to transportation system investment costs

1, 3

California Benefit/Cost Model

Investment Effectiveness

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TABLE 2 Connect SoCal Performance Measures - Continued

Transportation System
Sustainability

Outcome

Performance Measure

Cost per capita to preserve the regional multimodal transportation system in current state of good repair

State Highway System pavement condition

Local roadways pavement condition

Description
Annual cost per capita required to preserve the regional multimodal transportation system to current conditions
Share of State Highway System pavement in 'Good' or 'Poor' condition
Pavement Condition Index (PCI) rating for local roads

RTP Goals*

Data Source(s)

SHOPP Plan/California

1, 3

Transportation Commission Needs

Assessment

1, 3 CSyaslttreamns Pavement Management

1, 3

Local Arterial Survey Database

See Table 3: Environmental Justice Performance Measures

6, 9

Various Sources

Environmental Justice

Source: SCAG * RTP Goals correspond to Table 1 Acronyms: ARB: California Air Resources Board EMFAC: Emissions Factors Model (ARB)

GHG: Greenhouse Gas HOV: High Occupancy Vehicle SHOPP: State Highway Operations & Protection Program (Caltrans) SOV: Single Occupancy Vehicle

a practice that has only gained momentum over subsequent years. Starting with the 1998 Regional Transportation Plan, SCAG has been using quantitative performance measures to evaluate how well the RTP performs toward achieving the regional goals established in the Plan.
California Senate Bill 375 (SB 375), the ‘Sustainable Communities and Climate Protection Act of 2008’, provided a robust statewide plan of action for addressing the daunting challenges presented by climate change. The ambitious greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction goals and associated sustainability planning requirements introduced by SB 375 served to further fortify SCAG’s already firm commitment to the monitoring of regional performance in regard to GHG reduction and community sustainability objectives, as well as

to strengthening the coordination of transportation and land use planning throughout our region.
SCAG has focused on building upon previous successes by refining and enhancing our RTP/SCS performance measures to meet the region’s evolving policy priorities. In the summer of 2019, SCAG’s Transportation Committee reviewed the initial draft set of Connect SoCal performance measures. With the input received from the Committee, SCAG developed a final revised set of performance measures for use in evaluating the Plan.
The performance measures developed in support of Connect SoCal are focused on outcomes that will serve to strengthen the land-use transportation

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connection and enhance the physical health of our region’s residents, while also attending to the reduction of GHG emissions and amelioration of the consequential effects of climate change. The set of outcomes and performance measures used to evaluate alternative scenarios for Connect SoCal are presented in TABLE 2. The numbers indicated in the ‘RTP Goals’ column in the table refer to the numbers associated with each of the RTP Goals as presented in TABLE 1.
ENVIRONMENTAL JUSTICE
A critical element in the development of Connect SoCal is the conduct of a comprehensive Environmental Justice (EJ) analysis. EJ is a federal and state mandate designed to ensure the fair treatment and meaningful involvement of all people in the regional planning process regardless of race, color, national origin, or income. As part of the RTP/SCS development process, SCAG

incorporates a comprehensive EJ outreach program designed to maximize participation of all affected communities with respect to the development and implementation of Connect SoCal. A separate set of performance measures were developed in support of our regional EJ program and to assess the potential impacts of Connect SoCal on designated EJ communities in the SCAG region. The 18 EJ performance measures are organized into four categories with relatable questions. These questions include: 1) How will this impact quality of life; 2) how will this impact health and safety; 3) how will this impact the commute experience; and 4) how will this impact transportation costs.
While EJ comprises a significant element of the Connect SoCal performance monitoring program, its scope necessitates a separate technical report to adequately present the totality of its findings. Please see the Connect SoCal Environmental Justice Technical Report for more information regarding the SCAG EJ program, its objectives, and the results of the extensive EJ analyses conducted in support of Connect SoCal.

Table 3  Environmental Justice Performance Measures

Performance Measure
Jobs/housing balance
Neighborhood change and displacement

Definition
Comparison of median earnings for intra-county vs intercounty commuters for each county; analysis of relative housing affordability and jobs throughout the region
Examination of historical and projected demographic and housing trends for areas surrounding rail transit stations

Performance Target
Establish existing conditions to evaluate future performance (not a Connect SoCal performance measure)
Establish existing conditions to evaluate future performance (not a Connect SoCal performance metric)

Data Source(s)
U.S. Census Public Use Microdata Sample (PUMS), LODES
SCAG, U.S. Census American Community Survey (ACS), National Household Travel Survey (NHTS), California Franchise Tax Board

Accessibility to employment and services

Share of employment and shopping destinations reachable within 30 minutes by automobile or 45 minutes by transit during evening peak period

No unaddressed disproportionately high adverse effects for low income or minority communities

InfoUSA, SCAG Regional Travel Demand Model (RTDM), U.S. Census, SCAG Intergated Growth Forecast (IGF)

Accessibility to parks and educational facilities
Active transportation hazards

Share of park acreage reachable within 30 minutes by automobile or 45 minutes by transit during evening peak period

No unaddressed disproportionately high adverse effects for low income or minority communities

SCAG parcel land use data, California Protected Areas Database, SCAG RTDM, SCAG IGF

Analysis of population by demographic group for areas that experience highest rates of bicycle and pedestrian collisions

Establish existing conditions to evaluate future performance

SCAG IGF, Statewide Integrated Traffic Records System (SWITRS), Transportation Injury Management System (TIMS)

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TABLE 3 Environmental Justice Performance Measures - Continued

Performance Measure
Climate vulnerability
Public health analysis
Aviation noise impacts
Roadway noise impacts
Emissions impact analysis
Impacts along freeways and highly traveled roadways Travel time and travel distance savings
Rail-related impacts
Share of transportation system usage
Connect SoCal revenue sources in terms of tax burdens
Connect SoCal investments Geographic distribution of Connect SoCal transportation investments Mileage-Based User Fee impacts Source: SCAG

Definition
Population analysis by demographic group for areas potentially impacted by substandard housing, sea level rise, wildfire risk, or extreme heat effects related to climate change
Summary of historical emissions and health data for areas with high concentrations of minority and low income population

Performance Target
Establish existing conditions to evaluate future performance (not a Connect SoCal performance metric)
Establish existing conditions to evaluate future performance (not a Connect SoCal performance metric)

Descriptive analysis of aviation noise in terms of trends in passenger demand and aircraft operations

Establish existing conditions to evaluate future performance

Comparison of Plan and Baseline scenarios, identification of areas that are low performing due to Connect SoCal investments; breakdown of population for impacted areas by ethnicity and income
Comparison of Plan and Baseline scenarios; identification of areas that are lower performing as a result of the Plan, including a breakdown of demographics for those areas
Comparison of Plan and Baseline scenarios and demographic analysis of communities in close proximity to freeways and highly traveled corridors
Assessment of comparative benefits received as a result of Connect SoCal investments by demographic group in terms of travel time and travel distance savings
Breakdown of population by demographic group for areas in close proximity to rail corridors and planned grade separations
Comparison of transportation system usage by mode for low income and minority households relative to each group's regional population share

No unaddressed disproportionately high adverse effects for low income or minority communities
No unaddressed disproportionately high adverse effects for low income or minority communities
No unaddressed disproportionately high adverse effects for low income or minority communities
No unaddressed disproportionately high adverse effects for low income or minority communities
No unaddressed disproportionately high adverse effects for low income or minority communities
No unaddressed disproportionately high adverse effects for low income or minority communities

Proportion of Connect SoCal revenue sources (taxable sales, income, and gasoline taxes) generated from low income and minority populations

No unaddressed disproportionately high adverse effects for low income or minority communities

Analysis of Connect SoCal investments by mode (bus, HOV lanes, commuter/high speed rail, highways/arterials, and light/ heavy rail transit)
Evaluation of Connect SoCal transit, roadway, and active transportation infrastructure investments in various communities throughout the region
Examination of potential impacts from implementation of a mileage-based user fee on low income households in the region

No unaddressed disproportionately high adverse effects for low income or minority communities
No unaddressed disproportionately high adverse effects for low income or minority communities
No unaddressed disproportionately high adverse effects for low income or minority communities

Data Source(s)
SCAG IGF, NOAA Coastal Services Center, California Public Utilities Commission, FEMA ARB historical emissions data, CalEnviroScreen, SCAG IGF FAA, Community Noise Equivalent Level (CNEL), Caltrans Division of Aeronautics, local airports
SCAG RTDM, SCAG IGF
ARB EMFAC Model, SCAG IGF
ARB EMFAC Model, SCAG IGF, HQTA
SCAG IGF, SCAG RTDM
Rail network geodata, rail traffic data, grade separation geodata, U.S. Census, SCAG IGF
SCAG IGF, SCAG RTDM
U.S. Census, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) Consumer Expenditure Survey, California Board of Equalization (BOE), SCAG IGF RTP/SCS Financial Strategy, SCAG IGF, SCAG RTDM
Connect SoCal, U.S. Census, SCAG IGF
U.S. Census, BLS Consumer Expenditure Survey, BOE Taxable Sales, SCAG IGF

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IncomePerformance MeasuresEffectsReportScag