Worker Knowledge Classification Survey Public Use File

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Worker Knowledge Classification Survey Public Use File

Transcript Of Worker Knowledge Classification Survey Public Use File

Worker Classification Knowledge Survey
Public Use File Documentation
Contract # DOLQ129633231 TO DOL-OPS-15-U-00100
Final 11/16/2016
Prepared for: Jonathan Simonetta U.S. Department of Labor 200 Constitution Ave, NW Washington, DC 20210
Submitted by: Utsav Kattel Nomoya Hall Kelly Daley
Jacob Klerman Lauren Dunton
Abt Associates 4550 Montgomery Avenue
Suite 800 North Bethesda, MD 20814

CONTENTS Acknowledgements ..................................................................................................................1 1. Introduction..................................................................................................................2 2. Suppressed and Modified Variables...........................................................................4 3. Constructed Variables for Analysis ...........................................................................5 4. SAS Dataset and Code ...............................................................................................13 5. Stata Dataset and Code .............................................................................................14 References ...............................................................................................................................15 Appendix A: Worker Classification Survey Codebook......................................................16 Appendix B: Worker Classification Survey Instrument ....................................................77

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Worker Classification Knowledge Survey: Public Use File Documentation ▌pg. i

Introduction
Acknowledgements
This report is a collaboration of the Chief Evaluation Office (CEO) and Wage and Hour Division (WHD) of the United States Department of Labor and Abt Associates. This effort has received the strong support of the CEO—including Demetra Nightingale and Jonathan Simonetta, as well as Deputy Assistant Secretary for Policy Raj Nayak. Members of the Solicitor’s Office who provided valuable insight and feedback include Jonathan Kronheim and Kerry O’Brien. Jennifer Marion formerly of WHD also provided comments. The survey and this report would not be a reality without their vision and day-to-day input.
At Abt Associates, Glen Schneider served as Project Quality Advisor, providing insights throughout the project and careful review of this final report. Members of our Technical Working Group— William C. Dunkelberg, Ross Eisenbrey, Connie Klipsch, Alison Morantz, Catherine Ruckelshaus, and Abel Valenzuela Jr.—provided valuable feedback throughout the project. Cindy Taylor provided valuable management guidance. Krista Olson and Nomoya Hall provided solid research assistance. Lori Metz provided programming support. Jan Nicholson formatted the document.
The survey was fielded by Abt SRBI, a subsidiary of Abt Associates, under the leadership of Kelly Daley. Julie Pacer served as Acting Survey Manager. Courtney Kennedy and Stas Kolenikov led the sample design and weighting effort. Marci Schalk also contributed.

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Worker Classification Knowledge Survey: Public Use File Documentation ▌pg. 1

Introduction
1. Introduction
Worker misclassification is the practice, intended or unintended, of assigning the status of independent contractor to a worker who is in fact an employee according to the current legal standard. This type of misclassification precludes the worker from receiving the statutory protections offered to employees (e.g., minimum wage, overtime), and also prevents the worker from accessing employerprovided benefits. Worker misclassification also potentially affects competition between compliant and noncompliant employers, and it may impacts the funding and administration of federal and state government programs.
Workers may not understand that the categorization of independent contractor status makes certain rights and benefits unavailable to them. This concern has been highlighted in two General Accountability Office (GAO) reports (2007, 2009) and through the activities of the Vice President’s Middle-Class Task Force (Office of the Vice President of the United States 2010). Together, these efforts led to additional funding for initiatives related to misclassification (Office of Management and Budget (OMB) 2010a, 2010b), including an interdepartmental Misclassification Initiative (U.S. Department of Labor (DOL), Wage and Hour Division (WHD)) and the research described in this report.
To better document workers’ understanding of issues related to job classification, Abt Associates, under contract to the DOL, designed a survey to collect information on their knowledge about their current job classification and the rights and benefits associated with that classification. Abt SRBI, a subsidiary of Abt Associates, administered the survey to 8,503 individuals. In addition, Abt SRBI conducted semi-structured interviews with 17 employers and employer representatives. This report presents the results of these two data collection efforts.
This document provides documentation related to the public use files (PUFs) of the Worker Classification Knowledge Survey. (Beyond what is contained in the technical report (Daley et al. 2016); no information from the semi-structured interviews is being released.) The survey instruments are included as Appendix A of the Methodology Report, and are also included in this document as Appendix B.1
The balance of this document proceeds as follows. Section 2 discusses steps to prevent disclosure. Section 3 provides sample code for analyzing the data using SAS. Section 4 provides sample code for analyzing the data using Stata. Appendix A presents the codebook. Appendix B presents the survey instrument.

1 Daley, Kelly, Stas Kolenikov, Marci Schalk, Mehera Baugher, Julie Pacer, Jacob Klerman, and Lauren Dunton. (n.d.). “Worker Classification Knowledge Survey: Volume II - Methodology Report.” Cambridge, MA: Abt Associates.

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Worker Classification Knowledge Survey: Public Use File Documentation ▌pg. 2

Suppressed and Modified Variables
2. Suppressed and Modified Variables
The following four security measures were taken to fully ensure respondent privacy in the PUF dataset produced:
(a) Modifications were made to some variables including rounding, top-coding, and bottom-coding the variable completely. Variables that have been modified are indicated by the suffixes of “_RECODE”.
The following variables were recoded and are described in more detail later in this document:
• QAGE_RECODE • QCONFMJ_RECODE • QCOVER_SS_BPAY_RECODE • QCOVER_SS_BPERC_RECODE • QINCOME_RECODE • QINDUSTRY_RECODE • QMAINJOB_RECODE • QWAGE_RECODE
(b) No geographic information on survey respondents is included in the PUF, as specified in the Disclosure Limitation Methods of the OMB materials for this survey (see below).
(c) Verbatim responses are not included in the PUF.
(d) Variable categories with fewer than five responses were suppressed to ensure respondent privacy.

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Worker Classification Knowledge Survey: Public Use File Documentation ▌pg. 3

Constructed Variables for Analysis
3. Constructed Variables for Analysis
EMPFLAG
We created EMPFLAG to represent respondents’ self-reported worker status: employee, non-employee, or undetermined. This variable is based on responses to a combination of up to seven survey questions including QEMPLOYER, QSELF_TITLE_1, QSELF_TITLE_2, QCORP_1, QEMPLOYEE, QCERTAIN_NE, and QCERTAIN_EE. The twentyfive scenarios that generate EMPFLAG are shown in Table 1 below. We used EMPFLAG to help determine the respondents that would be asked the Detailed Classification Questions section of the survey. 2 Specifically, we asked one of two questions on how benefit coverage would change depending on respondents’ EMPFLAG. In addition, we used EMPFLAG to insert a dynamic text-fill (self-employed or employee) in a question asking whether benefit coverage would change and in a question asking whether the respondent agreed with his/her worker status.

2 EMPFLAG in combination with responses to other survey questions determined whether or not respondents were asked the Detailed Classification Questions section of the survey. For more information on these criteria, see Worker Classification Knowledge Survey Volume I – Technical Report.

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Worker Classification Knowledge Survey: Public Use File Documentation ▌pg. 4

Table 1. Exhaustive list of 25 scenarios that generate EMPFLAG

YELLOW = EMPFLAG= 1. EMPLOYEE (total of 2 scenarios)

GREEN = EMPFLAG = 2. NON-EMPLOYEE (total of 7 scenarios)

BLUE = EMPFLAG = 3. UNDETERMINED (total of 16 scenarios)

SCENARI QEMPLOYER O

QSELF_TITLE_1

QSELF_TITLE_2

1. Government

1 2. Private-for-profit Skipped company

Skipped

3. Non-profit org

ITALICS MEANS

RESPONSE

DOESN'T MATTER

BUT WILL BE ONE

2 4. Self-employed OF THESE:

Skipped

1. Independent

contractor

2. Independent

consultant

3. Free-lance worker

1. Government

3 2. Private-for-profit Skipped company

Skipped

3. Non-profit org

1. Government

4 2. Private-for-profit Skipped company

Skipped

3. Non-profit org

1. Independent

contractor

5

4. Self-employed 2. Independent

Skipped

consultant

3. Free-lance worker

4. Something else

5.Your job

6

4. Self-employed 8. DK

6. Something else

9. REF

8. DK

9. REF

QCORP_1 Skipped
2. No 8. DK 9. REF
Skipped
Skipped 2. No 8. DK 9. REF Skipped

Constructed Variables for Analysis

QEMPLOYEE

QCERTAIN_NE QCERTAIN_EE

1. Yes (an employee) Skipped

1. Very certain 2. Somewhat certain

EMPFLAG 1. EMPLOYEE

Skipped

1. Very certain 2. Somewhat certain

Skipped

2. NONEMPLOYEE

1. Yes (an employee)
2. No (not an employee) 8. Not sure/DK 9. REF
Skipped

Skipped
Skipped
3. Not too certain 4. Not at all certain 8. DK 9. REF

3. Not too certain 4. Not at all certain 8. DK 9. REF
Skipped
Skipped

3. UNDETERMINED
3. UNDETERMINED
3. UNDETERMINED

1. Yes (an employee) Skipped

Any response

3. UNDETERMINED

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Worker Classification Knowledge Survey: Public Use File Documentation ▌pg. 5

YELLOW = EMPFLAG= 1. EMPLOYEE (total of 2 scenarios)

GREEN = EMPFLAG = 2. NON-EMPLOYEE (total of 7 scenarios)

BLUE = EMPFLAG = 3. UNDETERMINED (total of 16 scenarios)

SCENARI QEMPLOYER O

QSELF_TITLE_1

QSELF_TITLE_2

1. Independent

contractor

7

4. Self-employed 2. Independent

Skipped

consultant

3. Free-lance worker

1. Independent

contractor

8

4. Self-employed 2. Independent

Skipped

consultant

3. Free-lance worker

1. Independent

contractor

9

4. Self-employed 2. Independent

Skipped

consultant

3. Free-lance worker

1. Independent

contractor

10

4. Self-employed 2. Independent

Skipped

consultant

3. Free-lance worker

1. Your business

4. Something else

2. Your practice

11

4. Self-employed 8. DK

3. Your self-

9. REF

employment

4. Your client

1. Your business

4. Something else

2. Your practice

12

4. Self-employed 8. DK

3. Your self-

9. REF

employment

4. Your client

Constructed Variables for Analysis

QCORP_1 QEMPLOYEE

QCERTAIN_NE QCERTAIN_EE EMPFLAG

1. Yes,

1. Yes (an employee) Skipped

incorporated

1. Very certain 2. Somewhat certain

3. UNDETERMINED

1. Yes,

1. Yes (an employee) Skipped

incorporated

3. Not too certain 4. Not at all certain 8. DK 9. REF

3. UNDETERMINED

1. Yes, incorporated

2. No (not an employee) 8. Not sure/DK 9. REF

1. Yes, incorporated

2. No (not an employee) 8. Not sure/DK 9. REF

1. Very certain 2. Somewhat certain

Skipped

3. Not too certain 4. Not at all certain 8. DK 9. REF

Skipped

2. NONEMPLOYEE
3. UNDETERMINED

1. Yes,

1. Yes (an employee) Skipped

incorporated

1. Very certain 2. Somewhat certain

3. UNDETERMINED

1. Yes,

1. Yes (an employee) Skipped

incorporated

3. Not too certain 4. Not at all certain 8. DK 9. REF

3. UNDETERMINED

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Worker Classification Knowledge Survey: Public Use File Documentation ▌pg. 6

YELLOW = EMPFLAG= 1. EMPLOYEE (total of 2 scenarios)

GREEN = EMPFLAG = 2. NON-EMPLOYEE (total of 7 scenarios)

BLUE = EMPFLAG = 3. UNDETERMINED (total of 16 scenarios)

SCENARI QEMPLOYER O

QSELF_TITLE_1

QSELF_TITLE_2

1. Your business

4. Something else

2. Your practice

13

4. Self-employed 8. DK

3. Your self-

9. REF

employment

4. Your client

1. Your business

4. Something else

2. Your practice

14

4. Self-employed 8. DK

3. Your self-

9. REF

employment

4. Your client

1. Your business

4. Something else

2. Your practice

15

4. Self-employed 8. DK

3. Your self-

9. REF

employment

4. Your client

1. Your business

4. Something else

2. Your practice

16

4. Self-employed 8. DK

3. Your self-

9. REF

employment

4. Your client

1. Independent

5. Other

contractor

17

8. DK

2. Independent

Skipped

9. REF

consultant

3. Free-lance worker

1. Independent

5. Other

contractor

18

8. DK

2. Independent

Skipped

9. REF

consultant

3. Free-lance worker

QCORP_1 QEMPLOYEE

1. Yes, incorporated

2. No (not an employee) 8. Not sure/DK 9. REF

1. Yes, incorporated

2. No (not an employee) 8. Not sure/DK 9. REF

2. No 8. DK 9. REF

Skipped

2. No 8. DK 9. REF

Skipped

Any response

Skipped

Any response

Skipped

Constructed Variables for Analysis

QCERTAIN_NE QCERTAIN_EE EMPFLAG

1. Very certain 2. Somewhat certain

Skipped

3. Not too certain 4. Not at all certain 8. DK 9. REF

Skipped

1. Very certain 2. Somewhat certain

Skipped

3. Not too certain 4. Not at all certain 8. DK 9. REF

Skipped

1. Very certain 2. Somewhat certain

Skipped

3. Not too certain 4. Not at all certain 8. DK 9. REF

Skipped

2. NONEMPLOYEE
3. UNDETERMINED
2. NONEMPLOYEE
3. UNDETERMINED
2. NONEMPLOYEE
3. UNDETERMINED

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Worker Classification Knowledge Survey: Public Use File Documentation ▌pg. 7

YELLOW = EMPFLAG= 1. EMPLOYEE (total of 2 scenarios)

GREEN = EMPFLAG = 2. NON-EMPLOYEE (total of 7 scenarios)

BLUE = EMPFLAG = 3. UNDETERMINED (total of 16 scenarios)

SCENARI QEMPLOYER O

QSELF_TITLE_1

QSELF_TITLE_2

1. Your business

5. Other

4. Something else

2. Your practice

19

8. DK

8. DK

3. Your self-

9. REF

9. REF

employment

4. Your client

1. Your business

5. Other

4. Something else

2. Your practice

20

8. DK

8. DK

3. Your self-

9. REF

9. REF

employment

4. Your client

5. Other

21

8. DK

9. REF

4. Something else 8. DK 9. REF

5. Your job 6. Something else 8. DK 9. REF

5. Other

22

8. DK

9. REF

4. Something else 8. DK 9. REF

5. Your job 6. Something else 8. DK 9. REF

5. Other

23

8. DK

9. REF

4. Something else 8. DK 9. REF

5. Your job 6. Something else 8. DK 9. REF

4. Something else

5. Your job

24

4. Self-employed 8. DK

6. Something else

9. REF

8. DK

9. REF

4. Something else

5. Your job

25

4. Self-employed 8. DK

6. Something else

9. REF

8. DK

9. REF

Constructed Variables for Analysis

QCORP_1 QEMPLOYEE

QCERTAIN_NE QCERTAIN_EE EMPFLAG

Any response
Any response
Skipped
Skipped
Skipped
Skipped
Skipped

Skipped

1. Very certain 2. Somewhat certain

Skipped

2. NONEMPLOYEE

Skipped

3. Not too certain 4. Not at all certain 8. DK 9. REF

Skipped

3. UNDETERMINED

1. Yes (an employee) Skipped

1. Very certain 2. Somewhat certain

1. EMPLOYEE

1. Yes (an employee)
2. No (not an employee) 8. Not sure/DK 9. REF 2. No (not an employee) 8. Not sure/DK 9. REF
2. No (not an employee) 8. Not sure/DK 9. REF

Skipped
Skipped
1. Very certain 2. Somewhat certain 3. Not too certain 4. Not at all certain 8. DK 9. REF

3. Not too certain 4. Not at all certain 8. DK 9. REF Skipped
Skipped
Skipped

3. UNDETERMINED
3. UNDETERMINED
2. NONEMPLOYEE
3. UNDETERMINED

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Worker Classification Knowledge Survey: Public Use File Documentation ▌pg. 8
EmployeeEmpflagVariablesSurveyReport