World Assembly for Women - Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan

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World Assembly for Women - Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan

Transcript Of World Assembly for Women - Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan

5th
World Assembly for Women
March 23 (Sat)-24(Sun), 2019 Hotel New Otani Tokyo
Report

W20 Japan 2019 SPONSOR

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September 1 2005
Materials for Reproduction : Master Data ʦ‫ࢿ༺ݱ࠶‬ྉʧ
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Contents
  1. Opening Speech/ Keynote Speeches/ Special Address ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 2   2. WAW!/W20 Joint Panel Discussion
"Human Resource Development in a Changing Society with Technology Transformation" ������������������������������������������������������ 4   3. WAW! Panel Discussion "Leadership for Regional Development and Job Creation" ����������������������������������������������������������������� 6   4. W20 Panel Discussion 1
"Closing the Gender Gap for New Prosperity: Enhancing Governance for Women's Empowerment" ��������������������������������������� 8   5. High-Level Panel Discussions/ Special Sessions
WAW! High-Level Panel Discussion 1 "Media and Contents to Nurture Diversity" ���������������������������������������������������������������� 10 WAW! High-Level Panel Discussion 2 "Women's Participation in Conflict Prevention, Peacebuilding and Post Conflict Recovery" �������������������������������������������������� 12 W20 High-Level Panel Discussion 1 "Creation of New Market Value by Women Entrepreneurs" ������������������������������������������ 14 W20 Special Session 1 "Gender Lens Investing: Emerging Global Trends" ���������������������������������������������������������������������������� 16 WAW! High-Level Panel Discussion 3 "Diversity for Growth: Corporate Management and Working Environment" ������������� 18 WAW! High-Level Panel Discussion 4 "Future of Family: Getting Support, Utilizing and Sharing" �������������������������������������� 20 W20 High-Level Panel Discussion 2 "Towards the Gender Equality in the Digital Era" ��������������������������������������������������������� 22 W20 Special Session 2 "Women as Patients and Caregivers: Improving Gender Equity and Labor Inclusion by Addressing Healthcare Disparities" ��� 24   6. W20 Panel Discussion 2 "Closing the Gender Gaps at Work: Leading a Happy Work and Life" ��������������������������������������������� 26   7. Closing Session �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 28   8. Special Guest Interview ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 30   9. Reception ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 30 10. Official Side Events for Shine Weeks ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 31 11. WAW! Advisors ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 31 12. A Summary Based on the Proposals from the WAW! Participants �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 32 13. W20 Japan 2019 Communiqué �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 34 14. List of Participants ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 36

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1. Opening Speech/ Keynote Speeches/ Special Address
March 23, 2019ʢ9:30-10:40ʣ/ Fuyo

Prime Minister Shinzo Abe delivered the opening speech. He explained Japan’s initiatives

for gender equality and women’s empowerment, such as reform of the childcare leave

system for men, expansion of childcare services, shortening of long working hours, and

mandatory disclosure of the number of female board members in the annual securities

report, and expressed the willingness to send messages concerning women’s empowerment

and take action to change the world with the participants. He also highlighted that Japan is

to propose in the G20 Osaka Summit, as the president of G20, to realize a world where all

girls are given access to at least 12 years of high-quality education, in addition to making

continued efforts to expand opportunities for girls’ education in developing countries.

Following the speech, the W20 Japan 2019 Communiqué was directly delivered to Prime

Minister Abe from Dr. Yoriko Meguro and Ms. Haruno Yoshida, 2019 W20 Japan Steering

Committee Co-Chairs. The Co-Chairs welcomed the G20 Leaders’ Declaration adopted in the G 2 0 Buenos Aires Summit, which regards gender equality as essential in realizing

Shinzo Abe Prime Minister of Japan

economic growth and the SDGs, and asked for support from G20 leaders for the development of a new world.

Haruno Yoshida 2019 W20 Japan Steering Committee Co-Chair

Shinzo Abe Prime Minister of Japan

Yoriko Meguro 2019 W20 Japan Steering Committee Co-Chair

In the keynote speeches, Ms. Malala Yousafzai, Co-Founder of Malala Fund, pointed out that life without education deprives girls of a future and of opportunities to contribute to the community, while mentioning how she decided to speak out at the age of 11, when girls were banned from going to school in her hometown, and how it led to her current activities. In addition, she emphasized that promoting girls’ education in STEM fields can produce technological innovation and asked G20 and business leaders for further investment in and support for girls’ education.
H.E. Ms. Michelle Bachelet, United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, then described the current state of affairs, where discrimination against women grounded in stereotypes holds them back from fulfilling their potential and damage caused by sexual violence is neglected, and highlighted the necessity of female participation in resolving challenges as well as of women’s empowerment in all aspects of politics, the economy, and society. She also called for reform from the top level with regard to measures against sexual harassment, enhancement of social protection, promotion of maternal and child health, girls’ education, and support for people with disabilities.

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Malala Yousafzai Co-Founder of Malala Fund/ Nobel Peace Prize Laureate

Michelle Bachelet United Nations High Commissioner
for Human Rights

In the special address that followed, H.E. Ms. Gabriela Michetti, the Vice President of Argentina, referred to the achievements at the W20 and the G20 Summit held in Argentina last year, and pointed out the necessity of prioritizing the realization of equal opportunity and elimination of inequality in education and employment through constructive dialogues. In addition, she described the importance of women recognizing their own potential and transforming the entire society as well as themselves by taking advantage of diversity and flexibility without fear.

Gabriela Michetti Vice President of the Argentine Republic
Koto Performance by Honjo Junior High School Students

Exhibition Booths 3

● WAW!/W20 Joint Panel Discussion
2. "Human Resource Development in a Changing Society with Technology Transformation"
March 23, 2019ɹʢ11:00-12:30ʣ/ Fuyo
At the beginning, a video message from Mr. Masahiko Uotani, Representative Director, President and CEO, Shiseido Company, Limited, was played. Mr. Uotani presented initiatives at his company, such as proactive measures to promote women and assignment of the right person for the right position in light of diversity, expressing a vision to enrich the life of all, including women, through business as well as to transform society and increase the profits of his company through the realization of diversity and inclusion.
Following the video message, participants engaged in an active discussion on how to develop human resources and let all people equally receive the benefits without being left behind, amid the development of IT industry known as “the Fourth Industrial Revolution,” as well as on policy proposals that take gender and diversity into consideration in light of aging population and declining birthrate.
First, the case study of Bulgaria was presented as a successful example of human resource development in the IT field. In Bulgaria, women account for 26.7% of engineers, 33% of IT engineering students, and 52% of teaching staff in the engineering field. It was explained that this has been achieved as a result of gender equality in education and cooperation between the government and private companies.
Next, it was pointed out that (1) expertise in IT, etc., (2) intellectual collaboration between this field of expertise and other fields, and (3) collaboration between knowledge concerning this field of expertise and democracy are necessary to respond to the rapid change in the midst of technological transformation across the globe. In particular, machine learning by AI involves the risk of reproducing existing gender discrimination. The necessity for humans, who control AI, to operate the system with a knowledge of ethics, philosophy, law, and other relevant areas was therefore stressed. A program was presented as an actual example, in which female engineers on childcare leave have their children taken care of at childcare services and study liberal arts at a university.
Meanwhile, it was pointed out that in both developing and developed countries, specific groups of people, such as women, the disadvantaged, people who do not have access to education, and the elderly, have not been able to receive the benefits of technological transformation. Some groups, such as elderly women, are even more vulnerable. The necessity of active measures, especially education, to overcome such a situation was emphasized. In addition, the participants agreed on the importance of diversity in the development scene to achieve increased international competitiveness. It may include intentional employment of elderly women in the AI industry, so that engineers and developers are able to understand the needs of users who are not proficient with IT technology.
To improve the situation where few female students not only in Japan but also across the world major in the STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) fields, the importance of closing gender wage gaps, enabling access to technology regardless of gender, and increasing the motivation of female students was suggested. In addition, a case study of a program for parents was shared, in which private companies and universities collaborate with each other and invite women in business for a lecture to eliminate concerns over their daughters choosing a career in the STEM fields.

Kathy Matsui Vice Chair, Goldman Sachs Japan Co., Ltd.

Malala Yousafzai Co-Founder of Malala Fund/ Nobel Peace Prize Laureate

Michelle Bachelet United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights

Shojiro Nishio President, Osaka University

Ekaterina Zaharieva Deputy Prime Minister for Judicial Reform and
Minister of Foreign Affairs of Bulgaria

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Background and Issues
Technological transformation by the Big Data, robots and artificial intelligence (AI) known as “the Fourth Industrial Revolution” is in progress and various appliances are connected by internet which makes our life more convenient than ever before. Electric commerce (EC) is becoming familiar and the testing for self-driving buses and trains has begun in Japan, together with automated reception and introduction of robots in private companies. In households, an automatic vacuum cleaning robot and internet connected electric home appliances has begun to be widely introduced, and thus the amount of unpaid labor time spent by mostly women in the past is expected to reduce, whilst this will make it for men easier to participate in housework.
One of the targets of the Goal 5 of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) stipulates to enhance usage of enabling technology such as information and communications technology (ICT) to empower women’s labor skills.
At the G 7 Summit 2 018 in Charlevoix, subsequent two points were expressed in the leader‘s communiqué. Firstly, all workers should have access to the skills and education necessary to adapt and to be successful in a new world of work brought by innovation through emerging technology. Secondly, particularly for girls and women, there is a growing necessity in expansion of market-driven training and education in the science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) fields.
In order to develop human resources who excel in programming and big data analytics, the education of STEM fields has been widely promoted in the world. However, the percentage of students majoring in science and technology remains low.
Especially, it is a global issue that the percentage of female students who major in the subjects related to STEM is significantly low and the percentage of female entrants into the STEM fields in higher education is 30% as average among 35 countries of the OECD member states. Notably Japan, it is 16% and this figure is significantly lower than the average1.
At last year’s WAW!, the necessity of interaction of teachers and parents with children without gender bias was shared, along with the importance of creating opportunities for perceptional change in thinking, for an example, featuring a female astronaut in children’s books. It is also crucial to form a consensus framework with which female students will not be the subject to discrimination, The Global Gender Gap report 2018 by the World Economic Forum points out as well that the low rate of female worker in the STEM field is one of the elements that hinders the economic growth.
In developing countries, there are many regions without enough infrastructure, thus it is an urgent necessity of dealing with the digital divide and ameliorate the access of women and girls to the digital economy.
Furthermore, the spread of the higher education and professional skills training to the girls has been considered that it would contribute to the world economic growth. At the G20 Buenos Aires Summit in 2018, it was stipulated in the leaders’ declaration that we will promote measures to bridge the digital gender divide and further digital inclusion.
In the society where technology innovation has advanced, everyone has a potentiality in utilizing it and playing an active role. Through the development of the internet and big data sending and receivable system there is a growing number of workers who choose more flexible styles not limited by place or time such as working in a satellite office or remotely working from home. We seek the society in which no one will be left behind and regardless of age, everyone can have an access anytime to a structured learning environment and enjoy the benefits from the technological transformation. For such a society to be realized, fostering human resources is a common urgent matter in today’s international society. This agenda is closely linked to the Goal 5 (Gender Equality), 4 (Quality Education), 8 (Decent work and economic growth) and 9 (Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure) of the SDGs.
Video Message from Masahiko Uotani, Representative Director, President and CEO, Shiseido Company, Limited
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● WAW! Panel Discussion
3. "Leadership for Regional Development and Job Creation"
March 23, 2019ʢ13:45-15:00ʣ/ Fuyo
At the beginning, Ms. Satsuki Katayama, Minister of State for Regional Revitalization, Regulatory Reform, Gender Equality, Women's Empowerment and PPP/PFI, stated the importance of the SDGs’ spirit of “leaving no one behind,” while introducing the Japanese government’s initiatives for regional revitalization. A panel discussion then took place, and (1) jobs, (2) livelihood, and (3) regional leadership were the main topics of the discussion.
With regard to jobs, the discussion focused on employment, entrepreneurship, and agriculture. In rural areas, many young people move to central Tokyo for work, and women are much less likely than men to return to their hometowns. It was pointed out that policies for women are necessary to maintain rural areas, that creating value equivalent to work in living in rural areas is necessary to get rid of the impression that rural areas are disadvantaged and boring, and that creating a comfortable working environment and rewarding jobs are important. With regard to agriculture, it was explained that 20,000 young people (of which approximately 6,000 are women) start to work in agriculture every year, to which the government provides support by offering subsidies, and that the participation of women has led to the development of trucks and other machinery from women’s perspectives. It was also pointed out that it is possible to encourage participation in decision making by involving women as stakeholders of the town. In addition, it was brought up in relation to entrepreneurship that the development of technology has produced opportunities to start a business in rural areas, that acquiring technological skills and taking advantage of them are essential for the economic empowerment of women, and that, in the meantime, continued efforts are also necessary to change the workstyle and workplace environment/culture.
Locally rooted initiatives by welfare commissioners were presented with regard to communities that are comfortable for women to live in. It was also pointed out that it is difficult for women who engage in agriculture to gain their identity due to a lack of tolerance for diversity in rural areas. In addition, while it is preferable to make childcare leave a parental leave, not a leave for mothers, making parental leave mandatory remains a challenge. On the other hand, it was pointed out that efforts to eliminate unconscious bias are necessary.
With regard to regional leadership, the importance of the leaders of local governments recognizing the significance of promoting gender equality and women’s empowerment, taking initiatives, and protecting small movements in cooperation with various organizations was pointed out. When asked why it is necessary to have female leaders, an answer was that it is a matter of fairness when half the population is women. In terms of economic value, it was pointed out that a diverse world is more affluent and leads to a safer and more resilient society and that such a society would be a foundation for the development of robust businesses. The importance of the existence of role models in developing female leaders was also brought up.
To conclude the discussion, it was stated that specific measures to address the barriers faced by groups of people in difficulty, including women, should be presented, that those measures should be implemented by taking advantage of new technologies and multi-stakeholder cooperation, and that the perspective of the SDGs is important.

Satsuki Katayama Minister of State for Regional Revitalization,
Regulatory Reform, Gender Equality, Women's Empowerment and PPP/PFI

Asako Osaki Visiting Professor, Kwansei Gakuin University/
Director, Gender Action Platform (GAP)

Alice Graham Assistant General Counsel,
Microsoft Japan

Muneharu Nakagai Mayor of Toyooka
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Kanako Sato Founder&CEO, snow days farm company

Kenji Shoji Vice Chair-person, National Council of Commissioned Welfare Volunteers

Background and Issues
Rural Women was a key issue at the W20 in Argentina in 2018. Local areas face a variety of challenges including urban-rural gap in economy, social disparity in health care and education, population outflow and decrease in population. Particularly, women and girls face even more difficulties in the region where gender roles are rigid and the traditional value system of superiority of men than women is still remain. It is important to secure an inclusive and sustainable environment for local communities in order to build a society where “leave no one behind”, for which SDGs are aiming.
There are serious problems especially for women to have access to health care and education in rural areas in developing countries. In Japan, governmental service such as maternity health record book, social workers and local women’s associations played an important role in creating a safer environment for women.
In Japan, it has been a great concern that excessively concentrated population in Tokyo and how it should be mitigated. The Tokyo metropolitan continues to expand its population inflow more than 100,000 people per year. The majority of them are youth in their late teens and twenties. By gender, women are more likely to move to Tokyo than men. If women and youth continue to move to metropolis and never return to their hometown, local communities are destined to be disappeared in the future. Employment is one of the reasons for excessive population inflow thus job creation is a key factor for regional development. Development of new technologies makes it possible to create “jobs” in rural areas. Telework and cloud work makes it possible for people living in rural areas to work remotely. Utilizing electronic commerce and SNS lowers a hurdle for entrepreneurship in rural areas. And furthermore, new technologies from the Fourth Industrial Revolution have started to be implemented, which will be the new growth mechanism in local cities. Agriculture, forestry and fishery are also the basis of regional economy. According to an estimation by FAO, empowerment of women farmers in developing countries can alleviate starvation for 150 million people. And some research analysis that investing in women is highly likely to distribute their profit as reinvestment into their children, family and local communities.
In Japan, the labor force population in agricultural industry is declining. The number of new farmers under the age of 44 tends to go up and especially the growth rate of women’s participation is high. Their unconventional way of farming by utilizing new technology is expected to bring new value and services to the industry. Tourism is also an important resource for rural development. An increase in foreign visitors to Japan have a positive impact on tourism in rural areas. New forms of information dissemination using the various tools such as SNS and AI spread the attractiveness of the region and bring visitors to rural areas.
Rigid gender roles as “men work outside and women stay at home as being homemaker” and domination of male over women with a notion of “leaders should be men” hinder rural development from creating attractive communities for young women. In Japan, the percentage of female members in the local legislations is less than 10 percent. Women are underrepresented in local governments while working closely with the community. There are some concerns that policies, which are responsive to local women’s needs are not likely to be prioritized. At the community level, only 5.5% of the leaders of neighborhood associations are women. However, in some regions, women’s voices are heard thoroughly to understand their needs and reflected in policy under the head of local government’s leadership. This creates a better environment where women can get employed or start a business and find a good balance of work and child rearing. Women’s leadership and political participation can lead us to inclusive and sustainable society. This agenda is closely linked to the Goal 1 (No Poverty), 5 (Gender Equality), 8 (Decent work and economic growth), 9 (Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure) of the SDGs.
7

● W20 Panel Discussion 1

4. "Closing the Gender Gap for New Prosperity:



Enhancing Governance for Women's Empowerment"

March 23, 2019ʢ15:05-16:20ʣ/ Fuyo

At the beginning, Ms. Satsuki Katayama, Minister of State for Regional Revitalization, Regulatory Reform, Gender Equality, Women's Empowerment and PPP/PFI introduced Japan’s legislation for promoting gender equality and women’s empowerment in private companies and stressed that closing the gender gap significantly contributes to sustainable economic growth. Following the statement, a video message from Ms. Gabriela Ramos, OECD Chief of Staff, was played. Citing from a report by the OECD, it was explained that gender gaps based on laws and regulations as well as on customs have resulted in an economic loss of approximately six trillion dollars, which amounts to approximately 7.5% of global GDP, and that closing the gender gap is estimated to bring about an economic effect of approximately 12 trillion dollars across the world.
In the six years since the inauguration of the Abe administration adopting the womenomics policy, the number of female workers in Japan increased by 2.88 million. Over half of women now continue to be in employment after giving birth to their first child. To understand the economic effects caused by such an improvement of the situation in Japan, it was explained that estimated effects are equivalent to approximately 8 trillion yen in terms of wages and approximately 3% in terms of GDP growth rate. The significant contribution of closing the gender gap to sustainable economic growth was thus made clear.
The panel discussion focused on the mechanism through which women’s empowerment that brings about such economic effects can be realized substantially and steadily, paying attention to various levels, such as the state, companies, and the household.
Firstly, the importance of setting specific targets, visualizing the current situation, and taking measures that can be quantified, for women’s empowerment and closing the gender gap at each level, was stated. Setting targets for the proportion of women at the top level in public institutions and large companies, as well as increasing transparency and facing the reality by quantifying wage gaps that have been an unwritten rule, are examples of actions that can be taken. It was pointed out that while the achievement of such targets can be linked to the pay of the leadership at private companies, it is more important to spread the understanding that closing the gender gap actually leads to better financial performance of the company. Many reliable studies have shown correlations and causal links between the closing of the gender gap and improved financial performance. It was suggested that understanding of the results of such studies should be spread.
The importance of facing and overcoming unconscious bias was also pointed out. For example, the fact that the majority of those who are interviewed and express opinions on various global issues, such as finance, trade, and conflicts, are men indicates the existence of unconscious gender bias. It was argued that the current situation should be quantified and specific actions should be taken to improve the situation with regard to such unconscious bias as well.
While many companies have adopted coaching and mentoring, the importance of sponsorship by the leadership and the role of role models was indicated. It is often difficult to find a perfect candidate for business and career opportunities. Steady support from sponsors based on such understanding leads to realization of women’s empowerment. It was also suggested that the number and types of role models should be increased by actively recognizing various successful practices.
At the end, the panel raised an alert that we lose sight of the essence if only women keep calling for closing of the gender gap to women for women. Closing the gender gap is directly linked to sustainable economic growth, and both men and women should receive the benefit as well as make efforts. Men and women should share unpaid care work at home as well based on such a stance. If men and women share various roles in society and at home, it becomes possible to realize a more inclusive workplace environment at organizations.

Satsuki Katayama Minister of State for Regional Revitalization, Regulatory Reform,
Gender Equality, Women's Empowerment and PPP/PFI
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Gabriela Ramos OECD Chief of Staff and Sherpa to the G20
WomenSocietyEducationDevelopmentJapan