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United States Department of Agriculture
SSS-2004 July 2004

A Report from the Economic Research Service
www.ers.usda.gov
Sugar and Sweetener Situation and Outlook Yearbook
Stephen Haley and Nydia Suarez
Abstract
The Sugar and Sweetener Yearbook contains U.S. and world data on acreage, yield, and production of sugar crops; production, trade, supply and use, and prices for sugar; and supply and use data for caloric and noncaloric sweeteners. Keywords: Sugar, sugarcane, sugarbeets, corn sweeteners, high fructose corn syrup, glucose syrup, dextrose, honey, maple syrup, molasses, caloric sweeteners, world sugar trade.

Sugar and Sweetener Situation and Outlook Yearbook. Market and Trade Economics Division, Economic Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, July 2004, SSS-2004.
Contents
List of Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 Internet Access to Sugar-Related Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
Report Coordinator Stephen Haley
(202) 694-5247 FAX (202) 694-5884 E-mail: [email protected]
Principal Contributors Stephen Haley Nydia Suarez
Web/Tech Consultant & Table Design Mae Dean Johnson
Editor Martha Evans
Layout Designers Juanita Tibbs
Wynnice Pointer-Napper
Excel spreadsheet versions of the table printed herein can be downloaded from the ERS website at http://www.ers.usda.gov/publications/so/view.asp?f=field/sss-bb/
Approved by the World Agricultural Outlook Board. The next Sugar and Sweetener Situation and Outlook is scheduled for release on September 2004. Summaries and full text of Situation and Outlook reports may be accessed electronically via the ERS web site at www.ers.usda.gov. The Sugar and Sweetener Situation and Outlook is published two times a year and supplemented by a yearbook. To order, call 1-800-999-6779 in the United States or Canada. Other areas please call (703) 605-6220. Or write ERS-NASS, 5285 Port Royal Road, Springfield, VA 22161.
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List of Tables
World Production, Supply, and Distribution
1. World production, supply, and distribution, centrifugal sugar . . . . . . .7
World and U.S. Sugar and Corn Sweetener Prices
2. World refined sugar price, monthly, quarterly, and by calendar and fiscal year . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13
3. World raw sugar price, monthly, quarterly, and by calendar and fiscal year . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
4. U.S. raw sugar price, duty fee paid, New York, monthly, quarterly, and by calendar and fiscal year . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15
5. U.S. wholesale refined beet sugar price, Midwest markets, monthly, quarterly, and by calendar and fiscal year . . . . . . . . . . . .16
6. U.S. retail refined sugar price, monthly, quarterly, and by calendar and fiscal year . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17
7. U.S. wholesale list price for glucose syrup, Midwest markets, monthly, quarterly, and by calendar and fiscal year . . . . .18
8. U.S. wholesale list price for dextrose, Midwest markets, monthly, quarterly, and by calendar and fiscal year . . . . . . . . . . . .19
9. U.S. spot price for HFCS-42, Midwest markets, monthly, quarterly, and by calendar and fiscal year . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19
10. U.S. producer price index for corn sweeteners and sugar, monthly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
11. U.S. Consumer Price Index for sugar and selected sweetener-containing products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
12. Sugarbeets: Price per ton, by State and United States . . . . . . . . . . . .24 13. Sugarcane: Price per ton, by State and United States . . . . . . . . . . . . .25
U.S. Sugar Supply and Use
14. U.S. sugarbeet crops: Area planted, acres harvested, yield per acre, and production, by State and region . . . . . . . . . . . .26
15. U.S. sugarcane: Area, yield, production, sugar output, recovery rate, and sugar yield per acre, crop years . . . . . . . . . . . .28
16. U.S. beet and cane sugar production (including Puerto Rico), by fiscal year and share of total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30
17. U.S. sugarbeet area, yield, and production . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31 18. U.S. production of beet sugar and cane sugar by State,
monthly, quarterly, fiscal and calendar year . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32 19. U.S. cane and beet sugar deliveries, monthly, quarterly,
and by fiscal and calendar year . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35 20. U.S. sugar deliveries for human consumption by type
of user, quarterly and calendar year . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38 21. U.S. sugar deliveries: Industrial and nonindustrial
uses by region . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41 22. U.S. sugar stocks held by primary distributors,
by quarters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44
3 Sugar and Sweetener Situation and Outlook Yearbook / SSS-2004 / July 2004
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23. U.S. sugar imports under tariff-rate quota (TRQ), by country, fiscal years . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45
24. U.S. sugar: Supply and use, by fiscal year . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .50 25. Monthly estimates of fiscal 2003 U.S. sugar supply and use . . . . . . .51 26. Monthly estimates of fiscal 2004 U.S. sugar supply and use . . . . . . .52
Corn Sweetener Supply, Use, and Trade
27. U.S. use of field corn, crop year . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .53 28. U.S. high fructose corn syrup (HFCS) deliveries, quarterly,
by fiscal and calendar year . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .54 29. U.S. high fructose corn syrup (HFCS) production, quarterly,
by fiscal and calendar year . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .54 30. U.S. high fructose corn syrup (HFCS) supply and use,
calendar year . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .55 31. Net cost of corn starch to U.S. wet-millers, Midwest markets . . . . . .56 32. U.S. corn sweetener exports to Mexico and Canada,
fiscal years . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .58 33. U.S. corn sweetener imports from Mexico and Canada,
fiscal years . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .60 34. U.S. HFCS trade with Mexico and Canada, monthly . . . . . . . . . . . . .62 35. Mexican imports of high fructose corn syrup from
the United States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .63 36. U.S. corn refinery exports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .64 37. U.S. dextrose supply and use (including Puerto Rico),
by calendar year . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .65 38. U.S. glucose supply and use (including Puerto Rico),
by calendar year . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .65 39. U.S. beet pulp exports, by major destination, calendar year . . . . . . .66
U.S. Imports of Sugar Syrups
40. U.S. total imports of sugar syrup, harmonized tariff code 1702.90.4000, monthly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .67
U.S. Molasses Prices
41. Monthly imports of molasses, by tariff code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .68 42. U.S. blackstrap molasses prices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .69
U.S. Maple Syrup Production, Prices, and Trade
43. U.S. maple syrup production, imports, exports, and prices, by calendar year . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .69
44. U.S. maple syrup production and value, by State, calendar years . . .70 45. U.S. maple syrup exports, by country . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .71
U.S. Honey Production and Trade
46. U.S. honey production, imports, exports, stocks, and average price, calendar year . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .72
47. Honey: Number of colonies, yield, production, stocks, price, and value by top producing States and United States . . . . . .73
48. U.S. honey imports, by importing country, calendar year . . . . . . . . .77
4 Sugar and Sweetener Situation and Outlook Yearbook / SSS-2004 / July 2004
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U.S. Consumption of Caloric Sweeteners 49. U.S. total estimated deliveries of caloric sweeteners
for domestic food and beverage use, by calendar year . . . . . . . . . .78 50. U.S. per capita caloric sweeteners estimated deliveries
for domestic food and beverage use, by calendar year . . . . . . . . . .79 51. Refined cane and beet sugar: Estimated number of
per capita calories consumed daily, by calendar year . . . . . . . . . . .80 52. High fructose corn syrup: Estimated number of
per capita calories consumed daily, by calendar year . . . . . . . . . . .81
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Internet Access to Sugar-Related Data
Home Pages
Sugar and Sweetener Briefing Room: http://www.ers.usda.gov/briefing/sugar U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA): http://www.usda.gov Economic Research Service (ERS): http://www.ers.usda.gov Office of the Chief Economist, USDA: http://www.usda.gov/agency/oce/ World Agricultural Outlook Board (WAOB): http://www.usda.gov/agency/oce/waob National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS): http://www.usda.gov/nass/ Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS): http://www.fas.usda.gov/
Reports
ERS Sugar & Sweetener Situation and Outlook reports (including text of reports): http://www.ers.usda.gov/publications/so/view.asp?f=specialty/sssbb/ ERS Sugar Yearbook Data: http://www.ers.usda.gov/briefing/sugar/data/data.htm Sugar Statistical Compendium (1991): http://www.ers.usda.gov/data/sdp/view.asp?f=specialty/91006/ U.S. Corn Sweetener Statistical Compendium (1993): http://www.ers.usda.gov/data/sdp/view.asp?f=specialty/94002/ Sugarbeet Cost of Production: www.ers.usda.gov/data/CostsandReturns/testpick.htm World Agriculture Supply and Demand Estimates report (WASDE): http://www.usda.gov/agency/oce/waob/wasde/wasde.htm Speeches from recent Agricultural Outlook Forums: http://www.usda.gov/agency/oce/waob/archives/pastyears.htm Agricultural Baseline Projections tables: http://usda.mannlib.cornell.edu/datasets/baseline/ Sugar: U.S. Sugar Re-export Programs, Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS): http://www.fas.usda.gov/itp/imports/ussugar.html Foreign Agricultural Service Report from Foreign Countries (includes sugar reports): http://www.fas.usda.gov/scriptsw/attacherep/default.asp Sweetener Market Data, Farm Service Agency (FSA): http://www.fsa.usda.gov/ao/epas/dsa/sugar/coversu.htm Weekly Weather and Crop Bulletin: http://www.usda.gov/agency/oce/waob/jawf/wwcb.html
6 Sugar and Sweetener Situation and Outlook Yearbook / SSS-2004 / July 2004
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Table 1--World production, supply, and distribution, centrifugal sugar

Beginning

Total

Country

stocks

Production

Imports

supply

Exports

1,000 metric tons, raw value

North America:

United States 1/

1999/2000

1,487

8,203

1,484

11,174

112

2000/2001

2,013

7,956

1,443

11,412

128

2001/2002

1,978

7,167

1,393

10,538

124

2002/2003

1,386

7,601

1,569

10,556

129

2003/2004

1,507

8,132

1,505

11,144

181

2004/2005

2,017

7,793

1,443

11,253

136

Canada

1999/2000

115

73

1,207

1,395

13

2000/2001

117

121

1,211

1,449

13

2001/2002

194

88

1,235

1,517

14

2002/2003

253

54

1,378

1,685

18

2003/2004

269

98

1,364

1,731

157

2004/2005

143

75

1,370

1,588

20

Mexico

1999/2000

941

4,979

37

5,957

318

2000/2001

1,063

5,220

43

6,326

155

2001/2002

1,548

5,169

52

6,769

413

2002/2003

1,172

5,229

63

6,464

38

2003/2004

1,194

5,517

106

6,817

66

2004/2005

1,401

5,410

21

6,832

66

Total North America

1999/2000

2,543

13,255

2,728

18,526

443

2000/2001

3,193

13,297

2,697

19,187

296

2001/2002

3,720

12,424

2,680

18,824

551

2002/2003

2,811

12,884

3,010

18,705

185

2003/2004 2004/2005

2,970

13,747

2,975

19,692

404

3,561

13,278

2,834

19,673

222

Caribbean:

Cuba

1999/2000

488

4,060

0

4,548

3,400

2000/2001

438

3,500

44

3,982

2,980

2001/2002

302

3,600

80

3,982

2,700

2002/2003

582

2,300

300

3,182

2,400

2003/2004

82

2,100

750

2,932

2,200

2004/2005

32

2,300

100

2,432

1,650

Dominican Republic

1999/2000

58

426

25

509

185

2000/2001

26

470

26

522

185

2001/2002

27

460

44

531

185

2002/2003

29

497

0

526

185

2003/2004 2004/2005

22

505

22

508

0

527

185

0

530

185

Other Caribbean

1999/2000

153

490

312

955

395

2000/2001

179

452

280

911

335

2001/2002

185

429

237

851

320

2002/2003

149

384

282

815

292

2003/2004

139

419

261

819

316

2004/2005

129

407

254

790

284

Total Caribbean

1999/2000

699

4,976

337

6,012

3,980

2000/2001

643

4,422

350

5,415

3,500

2001/2002

514

4,489

361

5,364

3,205

2002/2003

760

3,181

582

4,523

2,877

2003/2004

243

3,024

1,011

4,278

2,701

2004/2005

183

3,215

354

3,752

2,123

Domestic consumption

Ending stocks

9,049 9,306 9,028 8,920 8,946 8,986
1,265 1,242 1,250 1,398 1,431 1,450
4,576 4,623 5,184 5,232 5,350 5,480
14,890 15,171 15,462 15,550 15,727 15,916

2,013 1,978 1,386 1,507 2,017 2,131
117 194 253 269 143 118
1,063 1,548 1,172 1,194 1,401 1,286
3,193 3,720 2,811 2,970 3,561 3,535

710 700 700 700 700 700
298 310 317 319 320 320
389 391 382 384 374 375
1,397 1,401 1,399 1,403 1,394 1,395

438 302 582
82 32 82
26 27 29 22 22 21
171 185 149 139 129 131
635 514 760 243 183 234 continued--

7 Sugar and Sweetener Situation and Outlook Yearbook / SSS-2004 / July 2004
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Table 1--World production, supply, and distribution, centrifugal sugar--Continued

Beginning

Total

Country

stocks

Production

Imports

supply

Exports

1,000 metric tons, raw value

Central America: Guatemala
1999/2000 2000/2001 2001/2002 2002/2003 2003/2004 2004/2005 Other Central America 1999/2000 2000/2001 2001/2002 2002/2003 2003/2004 2004/2005

70

1,617

96

1,632

70

1,965

229

1,987

336

1,900

250

1,900

277

1,875

368

1,865

308

1,795

337

1,826

328

1,931

292

1,538

0

1,687

1,140

0

1,728

1,190

12

2,047

1,310

10

2,226

1,360

9

2,245

1,460

10

2,160

1,435

32

2,184

819

0

2,233

934

0

2,103

763

0

2,163

807

2

2,261

849

2

1,832

633

Total Central America 1999/2000
2000/2001 2001/2002 2002/2003 2003/2004 2004/2005

347

3,492

464

3,497

378

3,760

566

3,813

664

3,831

542

3,438

32

3,871

1,959

0

3,961

2,124

12

4,150

2,073

10

4,389

2,167

11

4,506

2,309

12

3,992

2,068

South America: Brazil
1999/2000 2000/2001 2001/2002 2002/2003 2003/2004 2004/2005 Colombia 1999/2000 2000/2001 2001/2002 2002/2003 2003/2004 2004/2005

1,010 710 860 210 270
1,210
72 60 40 59 71 46

20,100 17,100 20,400 23,810 25,530 27,550
2,330 2,225 2,465 2,630 2,635 2,645

0

21,110

11,300

0

17,810

7,700

0

21,260

11,600

0

24,020

14,000

0

25,800

14,540

0

28,760

16,700

10

2,412

959

25

2,310

965

64

2,569

1,085

88

2,777

1,306

45

2,751

1,300

55

2,746

1,270

Argentina 1999/2000 2000/2001 2001/2002 2002/2003 2003/2004 2004/2005

322

1,670

263

1,540

146

1,600

130

1,650

76

1,925

236

1,740

1

1,993

200

2

1,805

189

1

1,747

137

1

1,781

165

10

2,011

215

5

1,981

285

Other South America

1999/2000

964

3,079

859

4,902

422

2000/2001

943

3,171

884

4,998

446

2001/2002

1,131

3,411

1,015

5,557

536

2002/2003

1,498

3,502

729

5,729

603

2003/2004

1,561

3,361

578

5,500

668

2004/2005

1,177

2,774

363

4,314

597

Total South America 1999/2000 2000/2001 2001/2002 2002/2003 2003/2004 2004/2005

2,368 1,976 2,177 1,897 1,978 2,669

27,179 24,036 27,876 31,592 33,451 34,709

870 911 1,080 818 633 423

30,417 26,923 31,133 34,307 36,062 37,801

12,881 9,300
13,358 16,174 16,723 18,852

Domestic consumption

Ending stocks

451

96

468

70

508

229

530

336

535

250

537

188

980

385

991

308

1,003

337

1,028

328

1,064

348

871

328

1,431

481

1,459

378

1,511

566

1,558

664

1,599

598

1,408

516

9,100 9,250 9,450 9,750 10,050 10,250
1,393 1,305 1,425 1,400 1,405 1,440
1,530 1,470 1,480 1,440 1,560 1,570
3,510 3,421 3,523 3,565 3,433 2,607
15,533 15,446 15,878 16,155 16,448 15,867

710 860 210 270 1,210 1,810
60 40 59 71 46 36
263 146 130
76 236 126
970 1,131 1,498 1,561 1,399 1,110
2,003 2,177 1,897 1,978 2,891 3,082 continued--

8 Sugar and Sweetener Situation and Outlook Yearbook / SSS-2004 / July 2004
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SugarSweetener SituationProductionSupplyCalendar