Fourth Grade Social Studies

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Fourth Grade Social Studies

Transcript Of Fourth Grade Social Studies

4th Grade United States Studies

Unit 2: The United States in Spatial Terms

Fourth Grade Social Studies

Unit 2: The United States in Spatial Terms
Student Name:

4th Grade United States Studies

Unit 2: The United States in Spatial Terms
Big Picture Graphic

Overarching Question:

How does the geography of the United States affect the way people live?

Previous Unit:

This Unit:

Next Unit:

Foundations in Social Studies

The United States in Spatial Terms

Human Geography in the United States

Questions To Focus Assessment and Instruction:

Types of Thinking

1. What questions would geographers ask in examining the United States?
2. What tools and technologies would geographers use to answer geographic questions?
3. How might the United States be described using the concepts of location, place, and regions?

Classifying/Grouping Compare and Contrast Evidentiary Argument Research

Michigan Citizenship Collaborative Curriculum

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4th Grade United States Studies

Unit 2: The United States in Spatial Terms

Questions for Students

In this unit, we are going to be learning about the United States in spatial terms. Think about the focus questions:
1. What questions would geographers ask in examining the United States?
2. What tools and technologies would geographers use to answer geographic questions?
3. How might the United States be described using the concepts of location, place, and regions?
Use the chart below to write or draw about these questions.

Things I Know

Questions I Have

Michigan Citizenship Collaborative Curriculum

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4th Grade United States Studies

Unit 2: The United States in Spatial Terms

Lesson 1 Graphic Organizer

Where is the United States
located?

Continent
North America
Political Boundaries

Mostly South of Canada

Mostly North of Mexico

Hemisphere

Equator

Prime Meridian

Northern Hemisphere

Western Hemisphere

Michigan Citizenship Collaborative Curriculum

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4th Grade United States Studies

Unit 2: The United States in Spatial Terms

Big Ideas of Lesson 1, Unit 2 • Location is where a place is on the Earth’s surface.

• Geographers investigate both the absolute and relative location of places.

• A variety of geographic representations including maps and globes can help answer the question: Where is the United States located?

• The United States is located on the continent of North America.

• The United States is located in the Western Hemisphere of the Earth. It is also located in the Northern Hemisphere of the Earth.

• The equator and the Prime Meridian are used to define the hemispheres of Earth.

Word Cards

1 the five themes of geography
five big ideas that help people understand geography
Example: Location is one of the five themes of geography.

2 location
the geographic theme that answers the question “Where is it?”
Example: Maps can be used to find out the location of a place.

3 relative location
where a place is located in relation to other places
Example: The United States is located north of the country of Mexico.

4 continent
one of the seven large landmasses of the Earth
Example: The United States is part of the continent of North America.

Michigan Citizenship Collaborative Curriculum

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4th Grade United States Studies

Unit 2: The United States in Spatial Terms

5 political boundaries
lines that define the border of a country or state
Example: There is a political boundary between the United States and Canada.

6 hemisphere
a region created when the Earth is divided in half
Example: The Earth can be divided into the Western Hemisphere and the Eastern Hemisphere. It can also be divided into the Northern Hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere.

7 Equator
an imaginary line that divides the Earth into Northern and Southern hemispheres
Example: The United States is located north of the equator.

8 Prime Meridian
an imaginary line that divides the Earth into Western and Eastern Hemispheres
Example: The United States is located west of the Prime Meridian.

9 absolute location
the location of a point on the Earth by use of a grid system
Example: We can find the absolute location of a place by using a globe.

Michigan Citizenship Collaborative Curriculum

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4th Grade United States Studies

Unit 2: The United States in Spatial Terms

Questions Geographers Ask

Theme Location

Where is it? Questions
• What is its absolute location? • What is its relative location?

Place

What is it like there?
• What are its natural characteristics? • What are its human characteristics?

Human/Environment Interaction
Movement Regions

How do people interact with the environment?
• How have people used the environment? • How have people adapted to the
environment? • How have people modified or changed the
environment?
How is the place connected to other places?
• How and why have people, goods, and ideas moved in and out of the place?
How might common geographic characteristics help us understand this place?
• How can the place be divided into regions?
• To what regions does the place belong?

Michigan Citizenship Collaborative Curriculum

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4th Grade United States Studies

Unit 2: The United States in Spatial Terms

Outline Map of North America

Source: Outline Map of North America. About.com. 7 October 2008 .
Michigan Citizenship Collaborative Curriculum

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4th Grade United States Studies

Unit 2: The United States in Spatial Terms

The Northern Hemisphere

Source: The Northern Hemisphere. Wikimedia Commons. 7 October 2008 .

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4th Grade United States Studies

Unit 2: The United States in Spatial Terms

The Western Hemisphere

Source: The Western Hemisphere. Wikimedia Commons. 7 October 2008 .

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GradeLocationHemisphereEarthTerms