KEYNOTE Mindfulness for Individuals with IDD and Mental

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KEYNOTE Mindfulness for Individuals with IDD and Mental

Transcript Of KEYNOTE Mindfulness for Individuals with IDD and Mental

Keynote
Mindfulness for Individuals with IDD and Mental Health Needs

Nirbhay N. Singh, PhD, FAPA, FAPS
Clinical Professor of Psychiatry and Health Behavior, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta University, Augusta, GA
Editor-In-Chief Mindfulness
Advances in Neurodevelopmental Disorders

virtual 2021 START National Training Institute May 3 2021 | 12:30 -2:00 PM

A Conversation about Mindfulness for Individuals with IDD

What Is Mindfulness?

It is “The awareness that emerges through paying attention on purpose, in the present moment, and non-judgmentally to the unfolding of experience moment by moment”
Kabat-Zinn (2003, p. 145)
Think of mindfulness as being attentive to what you are doing, with
nonjudgmental acceptance; an awareness of your emotional state in the
present moment; and being accepting of your current experiences

How Does Mindfulness Work?

Teaching Mindfulness to Individuals With IDD
Four Pathways
1. Working directly with individuals with IDD and mental health needs
2. Teaching mindfulness to parents, professional caregivers, and teachers for their cascading and spillover effects on individuals with IDD
3. Teaching mindfulness to parents and their children with IDD and mental health needs in parallel
4. Teaching mindfulness to parents of children with IDD as a public health service and thereby enhancing the quality of life of their children in the long term

1. Mindfulness-Based Programs For Individuals With IDD
• Soles of the Feet (SoF) • SOBER • Surfing the Urge • Body Scan • Yoga—mindfulness movements • Customized methods for:
• Those at the severe and profound levels of functioning
• Children and adolescents with IDD and autism spectrum disorder

Soles of the Feet (SoF) Practice

• The SoF is a skilful means of dealing with arising anger by shifting attention and awareness from the anger-producing situation to a neutral point on the body, the soles of the feet.
• Can be used to immediately control arising anger and preempt its expression as verbal or physical aggression.
• It is a stabilizing meditation for emotional arousal.
• The SoF practice enables individuals to
• stop (pause), • refocus their mind from the emotionally arousing
situation to a neutral place on the body, • be in the present moment, and • then make a mindful response to the situation
from a state of calmness.
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Soles of the Feet (SOF) Practice For Individuals With ASD
Singh et al. (2011). Adolescents with ASD can use a mindfulness-based strategy to control their aggressive behavior. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 5, 1103-1109.
•Three adolescents with ASD •Ages: 13, 15, and 18 years old •Target behaviors:
•Maladaptive behaviors: hitting kicking, biting, scratching, and slapping •Social interactions (positive, negative, neutral) •SoF training: •5 days, 15-minute sessions (i.e., 1 hr. 15mins total time) •Data collected for 30 weeks •Follow-up for 4 years

Physical Aggression

SOBER Breathing Space

• SOBER Breathing Space has been used to selfmanage anger and aggression.
• Stop and be aware of what is happening in that moment,
• Observe the physical sensations and emotional regulation changes in the body,
• Breathe by deliberately bringing attention to the breath,
• Expand awareness of the situation and response options, and then
• Respond mindfully.

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