MID-ATLANTIC - Pennsylvania Vegetable Growers Association

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MID-ATLANTIC - Pennsylvania Vegetable Growers Association

Transcript Of MID-ATLANTIC - Pennsylvania Vegetable Growers Association

2019

MID-ATLANTIC
fruit& vegetable convention

PROCEEDINGS
for the vegetable, potato, greenhouse, small fruit & general sessions

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2019 Mid-Atlantic Fruit and Vegetable Convention
Proceedings FOR THE VEGETABLE, POTATO, GREENHOUSE, SMALL FRUIT AND GENERAL SESSIONS
January 29 through 31, 2019 Hershey Lodge and Convention Center Hershey, Pennsylvania
sponsored by the State Horticultural Association of Pennsylvania the Pennsylvania Vegetable Growers Association the Maryland State Horticultural Society the New Jersey State Horticultural Society and the Virginia State Horticultural Society
in cooperation with Penn State Extension Rutgers Cooperative Extension the University of Maryland Extension and Virginia Cooperative Extension
Proceedings published by the Pennsylvania Vegetable Growers Association 815 Middle Road, Richfield, Pennsylvania 17086-9205 717-694-3596 www.pvga.org

Pennsylvania Vegetable Growers Association An association of commercial vegetable, potato and berry growers
Board of Directors
President: Jonathan Strite ’19 First Vice President: Brian Campbell ‘21 Second Vice President: Rita Resick ‘20 Secretary-Treasurer: William Reynolds ‘19
Past President: David Miller ‘20 Members: Robert Amsterdam ‘21
Peter Flynn ‘21 Christopher Harner ‘20 Barron Hetherington ‘19
Alan Kemmerer ‘19 Arthur King ‘21 David King ‘19
Kenneth Martin ‘20 Amy Metrick ‘21
Michael Orzolek ‘21 Christopher Powell ‘20
John Shenk ‘20 Robert Shenot ‘19 Jeffrey Stoltzfus ‘20 Mark Troyer ‘21 Timothy Weiser ‘19

Staff
Executive Secretary: William Troxell, Troxell Administrative Services

Educational Committee
Brian Campbell – chair, Steven Bogash, Jennifer Glenister, Kaitlin Horst, Beth Gugino, Greg Jacoby
Arthur King, David King, Lois Klinger, Amy Metrick, Eric Oesterling, Robert Pollock, Christopher Powell, Josh Strohl

Convention Task Force

General Chair – Brian Campbell

Program Chairs – Season Extension and High Tunnels – Steven Bogash

Wildlife Controls and Farm Market Bakeries – Arthur King

General Vegetables – Michael Orzolek

Organic Vegetable Production – Elsa Sanchez

Allium Pests and Pollinators – Shelby Fleischer

Snap Beans and Tomatoes – Kenneth Martin

Irrigation – Brian Campbell, David King, John Esslinger, and Lee Stivers

Cut Flowers and Edible Flowers – Thomas Ford

Soil Health – Megan Chawner

Greenhouse Ornamentals – Sinclair Adam

Cole Crops and Peppers & Eggplant – Beth Gugino

Small Fruit – Kathy Demchak

Sweet Corn – John Esslinger

Pumpkins & Vine Crops – Thomas Butzler and Timothy Elkner

Greenhouse Vegetables – Steven Bogash and Tanner Delvalle

Potatoes – Robert Leiby

Food Trends – John Berry

Wholesale Marketing – Laura England and Lela Reichart

New Trends in Farm Marketing – Brian Moyer and Tanya Lamo

Social Media Skills – Shannon Dill and Sarah Cornelisse

Farm Market Financial Management – Lynn Kime and Sarah Cornelisse

Creative Approaches to Direct Marketing – William Hlubik

Other Members –Diane Erb, Jennifer Glenister, Kaitlin Horst, Lois Klinger, Nolan Masser, Ben Moyer,

David Miller, Eric Oesterling, Robert Pollock, William Reynolds, Steve Sample, Jeffrey Stoltzfus,

Lee Stivers, Grant Troup, Adam Voll, Carla Burkle Thomas, and Greg Jacoby

Audio-Visual Coordinator: Thomas Butzler

SEASON EXTENSION/HIGH TUNNELS
Getting Your Crop Off to the Best Start: Nutrient Placement and Management
Francesco Di Gioia, Penn State University . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Managing Soilborne Disease of Tomatoes In High Tunnels Using Anaerobic Soil Disinfestation and Grafting
Sally Miller, Ohio State University . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Putting Together A Biocontrol-Based Pest Management Program for High Tunnels
Steve Bogash, Marrone Bio Innovations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Managing Weeds Using Anaerboic Soil Disinfestation Ram Khadka, Ohio State University . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
ORGANIC VEGETABLE PRODUCTION
The Case for Spider Conservancy in Organic Agroecosystems Cerruti Hooks, University of Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Roots to River Farm - Farming Organically on 15 Acres Malaika Spenser, Roots to River Farm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Organic Tomato Pest (Insect and Disease) Management for the Whole Season
Steve Bogash, Marrone Bio Innovations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Integrating Cover Crops in Organic High Tunnels Kristine Lang, Iowa State University . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
ALLIUM PESTS
Allium Leafminer: What We Know, and How to Manage It Shelby Fleischer, Penn State University . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Onion and Leek Cultivar Evaluation Thomas Butzler, Clinton Co. Coop. Extension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
SNAP BEANS
30 Years of Snap Bean Variety Trials…What Looks Good for 2019
Jim Ballerstein, Cornell University . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
White Mold Management in a Digital Era Sarah Pethybridge, Cornell University . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
EDIBLE FLOWERS
Edible Cut Flowers, An Industry Overview Thomas Ford, Penn State Extension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40

TABLE OF CONTENTS
GENERAL VEGETABLES I
Caring for Figs William Muzychko, Bill’s Figs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Postharvest Sanitation Scenarios Meredith Melendez, Rutgers Cooperative Extension . . . . . . . . . . 44
Soil Health and Your Farm Denny Wildman, Advanced Agriculture & Assoc East . . . . . . . . 46
Next Generation CEA Productivity System Tim Ransford, Anglesea LLC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
IRRIGATION
Research Updates on Sensor-Based Irrigation Scheduling Strategies
Long He, Penn State - Fruit Research and Extension Center . . . 48
CUT FLOWERS
Trends and Consumer Demand for Specialty Cut Flowers Kathleen Kelley, Penn State University . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
Key Diseases in Specialty Cut Flowers Thomas Ford, Penn State Extension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
TOMATOES
Managing Bacterial Spot in Tomatoes Sally Miller, Oho State University . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Understanding Induced Resistance and How to Use it Greg Rogers, Certis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
Packing Higher Quality Tomatoes Steve Bogash, Marrone Bio Innovations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
Enhancing Authority MTZ Safety for Processing Tomatoes Dwight Lingenfelter, Penn State University and Mark VanGessel, University of Delaware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Improving Production of Grafted Tomatoes in a Field Setting Inga Meadows – North Carolina University . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Integrated Foliar Disease Management Beth Gugino, Penn State University . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
SOIL HEALTH
On-Farm Soil Health Assessment with 4R Tweaks H. Grant Troop, AgXplore . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
Physical and Chemical Components of Healthy Soils Michelle Infante-Casella, Rutgers Co-op Extension . . . . . . . . . . . 73

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
GREENHOUSE ORNAMENTALS
The Best of the Penn State Flower Trials Sinclair Adam, Penn State Extension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
Insects of Perennials & Their Management Sinclair Adam, Penn State Extension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
Easy Ways to Increase Nutrient Efficiency Krystal Snyder, JR Peters Co . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
Managing Plant Growth And Development With PGRs Joyce Latimer, Virginia Tech . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
COLE CROPS
Management of Head Rot Diseases in Broccoli and Cauliflower Featuring New Recommendations for Alternaria Leaf Spot
Christine Hoepting, Cornell Cooperative Extension . . . . . . . . . 103
Management of Head Rot Diseases in Broccoli and Cauliflower Featuring New Recommendations for Alternaria Leaf Spot
Beth K. Gugino, Penn State University . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106
GENERAL VEGETABLES II
PASA’s Diversified Vegetable Apprentice Program Dan Dalton, PASA Sustainable Agriculture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
Rutgers Specialty Pumpkin Habanero Peppers Albert Ayeni, Rutgers University . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
Use of Biologicals/Microbials in Crop Production Denny Wildman, Advanced Agriculture & Assoc East . . . . . . . 114
SWEET CORN
Late Season Insect Pest Management Bill Cissel, University of Delaware Extension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115
Comparing Non-BT, BT and Stacked BT Cultivars Kristian Holmstrom, Rutgers University . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
Effective Weed Control (including Marestail) Dwight Lingenfelter, Penn State University . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121
Optimizing Starter/Pop Up Fertilizers Gordon Johnson, University of Delaware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124
PEPPERS/EGGPLANT
Insect Pest Update for Peppers Thomas Kuhar, Virginia Tech . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
Chronicles of a Perennial Cover Crop’s Journey Into Managing Pests
Alan Leslie, University of Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129
Bell Pepper Variety Screening for Bacterial Leaf Spot Wesley Kline, Rutgers Cooperative Extension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132

POTATOES
2018 Potato Research at Penn State Xinshun Qu, Penn State University . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135
Potato Insect Pest Management Update Thomas Kuhar, Virginia Tech . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136
Marketing the Pennsylvania Potato Lela Reichart, Sterman Masser, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139
Potato Disease Update Margaret McGrath, Cornell Cooperative Extension . . . . . . . . . 140
Stem End Discoloration in Chip Potatoes: Its Cause and Possible Solutions
Curtis Frederick, Sterman Masser, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
POLLINATORS
Wild and Managed Pollinators Doing the Job in Cucurbits Shelby Fleischer, Penn State University . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145
Wild and Managed Pollinators Doing the Job in Strawberries Heather Grab, Cornell University . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148
Introducing the Pennsylvania Pollinator Protection Plan Charlie Vorisek, Vorisek’s Backyard Bee Farm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152
PUMPKINS/VINE CROPS
Pumpkin Weed Management Issues and Updates Dwight Lingenfelter, Penn State University . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154
2500 lb Giant Pumpkins? What do These Growers Know About Vine Crops that You Don’t?
Timothy Parks, Parks Garden Center . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157
Vine Crop Disease Management in the Next Wet Year Beth Gugino, Penn State University . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158
Managing Problematic Insects in Pumpkins Gerald Brust, University of Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160
Pennsylvania Cantaloupe Variety Trial Elsa Sánchez, Tim Elkner, Tom Butzler, Bob Pollock, Carla Burkle, and Francesco Di Gioia, Penn State University . 162
GREENHOUSE VEGETABLES
Growing Greenhouse Tomatoes - Guidelines for the New Grower
Richard Snyder, Mississippi State University . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168
Greenhouse Tomato Problems & Solutions Richard Snyder, Mississippi State University . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 176
Using Biopesticides to Manage Greenhouse Vegetables Insects, Mites and Diseases
Steve Bogash, Marrone Bio Innovations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 184

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SMALL FRUIT
Farmer Perceptions of Raspberry and Strawberry Production in Tunnels: Management and Marketing Implications
David Conner, University of Vermont . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187
Novel Cultural Management Techniques for Japanese Beetle and SWD in High Tunnel Raspberries
Maria Cramer, Penn State University . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 189
New Raspberry Variety Performance in High Tunnels Eric Hanson, Michigan State University . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192
High Tunnel Design Considerations for Mid-Atlantic Berry Producers
Michael Marett, Rimol Greenhouses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 194
Cultural and Conventional Weed Management Strategies for Blueberries
Eric Hanson, Michigan State University . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 196
Low Tunnels for Strawberry Production: Structures, Management, and Outcomes
Kaitlyn Orde, University of New Hampshire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 199
Day-Neutral Variety Performance in NH and PA under Open Field and Protected Culture Conditions
Kaitlyn Orde, University of New Hampshire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202
Does Plastic Type Make A Difference to High Tunnel Raspberries?
Kathy Demchak, Penn State University . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 206
Potential of the Strawberry Advisory System for Timing Fungicide Applications in the Mid-Atlantic
Mengjun Hu, University of Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 209
Strawberry Flower Mapping: Understanding Plant Development and Its Effect on Yield
Edward Durner, Rutgers University . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 211
Putting Flavor and Disease Resistance First in a Strawberry Breeding Program
Kim Lewers, USDA- Beltsville . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 214
Goldenberries: A New Superfruit for North America Edward Durner, Rutgers University . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 217
Cane Management to Maximize Yield and Earliness of Primocane-Fruiting Blackberries
Fumiomi Takeda, Appalachian Fruit Res. Sta. USDA-ARS . . . 220
Understanding Herbicides Modes of Action and Injury on Blueberries
Thierry Besancon, Rutgers University . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 222
Trapping for SWD vs. Infestation in Blueberries Cesar Rodriguez-Soana, Rutgers Coop. Extension . . . . . . . . . . . 225

TABLE OF CONTENTS
WHOLESALE MARKETING
Procurement/Wholesale Buyer Panel Jacqueline Soria, Hello Fresh . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 228
NEW TRENDS IN FARM MARKETING
Consumer Trends Claudia Schmidt, Penn State University . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 229
CREATIVE APPROACHES TO DIRECT MARKETING
The Art of Direct Marketing - Catching the Customers Eye Rose Robson, Robsons Farm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 232
Fernbrook Farm - The Evolution of a Diverse Farm Business Larry and Brian Kuser, Fernbrook Farms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 234
HONING YOUR SOCIAL MEDIA SKILLS
Keep it Legal: Legal Considerations for Marketing Your Farm on Social Media
Nicole Cook, University of Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 236
Micro Influencers and Social Media Sarah Cornelisse, Penn State University . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 240

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