# Part Iii - Syllabus And Model Questions

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## Transcript Of Part Iii - Syllabus And Model Questions

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electrUomNaITgn1e:tiScowmaeveBsaisnicaCtmooncspephtesrein-sCkyheamnidstry spaceMwaatvteerparonpdaigtsatnioatnu-rme,oDduallatotino’ns atomic theory; typesc–odnemceopdt uolfataitoonm-m, micorolewcauvle,s-erlaedmaerns.t and
compound; physical quantities and their PARmTea2su- rCemHeEnMtsIiSnTcRhYem(3is5trQy,upersetcioisniso)n and
accuracy, signi cant gures, S.I. Units, UNIT 1: Some Basic Concepts in Chemistry
dimensional analysis; laws of chemical Matter and its nature, Dalton’s atomic theory;
combination;atomic and molecular masses, mole concept of atom, molecule, element and
concept, molar mass, percentage composition, compound; physical quantities and their
empirical and molecular formulae; chemical measurements in chemistry, precision and
equations and stoichiometry. accuracy, signi cant gures, S.I. Units, dimenUsNioInTal2a: nSatalytseiss;olfawMsaottfecrhemical combCinlastisoi nc;atoiomnicofanmdatmteorleincutolasromlida,sslieqsu, midoalned concegpats,emouoslasrtamteass.s, percentage composition, empirical and molecular formulae; chemical equatSioonlisdaSntdatset:oCiclhaisosimceatrtyio. n of solids: molecular,
UNIT 2: States of Matter Classi cation of matter into solid, liquid and gaseous states.
Solid State: Classi cation of solids: molecular, ionic, covalent and metallic solids, amorphous and crystalline solids (elementary idea); Bragg’s Law and its applications; unit cell and lattices, packing in solids (fcc, bcc and hcp lattices), voids, calculations involving unit cell parameters, imperfection in solids; electrical, magnetic and dielectric properties.
Liquid State: Properties of liquids - vapour pressure, viscosity and surface tension and effect of temperature on them (qualitative treatment only).
Gaseous State: Measurable properties of gases; Gas laws-Boyle’s law, Charle’s law, Graham’s law of diffusion, Avogadro’s law, Dalton’s law of partial pressure; concept of absolute scale of temperature; ideal gas equation, kinetic theory of gases (only postulates); concept of average, root mean square and most probable velocities; real gases, deviation from ideal behaviour, compressibility factor, Van der Waals equation, liquefaction of gases, critical constants.
UNIT 3: Chemical Families - Periodic Properties Modern periodic law and present form of the periodic table, s&p block elements, periodic trends in properties of elements, atomic and ionic radii, ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, valence, oxidation states and chemical reactivity. Transition elements-d-block elements, inner transition elements-f-block elements. Ionization energy, lanthanides and actinides-general characteristics.
Coordination Chemistry: Coordination compounds, nomenclature: terminology - Werner’s coordination theory. Applications of coordination compounds.
UNIT 4: Atomic Structure

Transciotimonpoeluenmdesn, tnso-dm-ebnlocclaktuelreem: teenrmts,ininonloegr y - Werner’s transictoioonrdeilneamtieonntst-hf-ebolroyc.kAeplpemliceanttiso.nIsoonfizcaotioorndination energcyo, mlapnothuanndisd.es and actinides-general characteristics.
UNIT 4: Atomic Structure CoorDdiinsactoivoenryCohfemsuisbt-rayt:oCmoicorpdairntaictiloesn(electron, proton compaonudnndes,untroomn)e;nTclhaotumreso: nteramndinRoulotghyer-foWrderanteorm’s ic coordminoadteiolsnatnhdeotrhye.irAlpimpliitcaattiioonnss; onfatcuoroerodfination compeoleucntdros.magnetic radiation, photoelectric effect;
spectrum of hydrogen atom, Bohr model of UNIT 4: Atomic Structure
hydrogen atom-its postulates, derivation of the Discovery of sub-atomic particles (electron, proton
relations for energy of the electron and radii of the and neutron); Thomson and Rutherford atomic
different orbits, limitations of Bohr’s model; dual models and their limitations; nature of
nature of matter, De-Broglie’s relationship, electromagnetic radiation, photoelectric effect;
Heisenberg uncertainty principle. Elementary ideas spectrum of hydrogen atom, Bohr model of
of quantum mechanics, quantum mechanical hydrogen atom-its postulates, derivation of the
model of atom, its important features, relations for energy of the electron and radii of the differveanrtioourbs iqtsu,alnimtuimtatniuomnsboerfsB(porhinr’csipmaol,daenl;gduluaarlmomentum
and magnetic quantum numbers) and their signi cance; nature of matter, De-Broglie’s relationship,
shapes of s, p and d-orbitals, electron spin and spin quantum Heisennubmerbgeru;nrcuelerstafionrtylplirnignceilpecletr.oEnlsemineonrtbairtyalisd–eAausfbau of quparnintucmiplem, ePcahualin’sicesx,cqluusaionntupmrinmciepclheaannidcaHl und’s rule, modeelleocftraotnoimc ,coitns igmupraotritoannot ffeealetumreens,ts, extra stability of
half- lled and completely lled orbitals.
UNIT 5: Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure Covalent bonding: Concept of electronegativity, Fajan’s rule, dipole moment; Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion (VSEPR) theory and shapes of simple molecules.
Quantum mechanical approach to covalent bonding: Valence bond theory - Its important features, concept of hybridization involving s, p and d orbitals; resonance.
Molecular orbital theory - Its important features, LCAOs, types of molecular orbitals (bonding, anti-bonding), sigma and pi-bonds, molecular orbital electronic con gurations of homonuclear diatomic molecules, concept of bond order, bond length and bond energy. Elementary idea of metallic bonding. Hydrogen bonding and its applications.
Extractive metallurgy of sodium, lithium, properties of alkali metals, basic nature of oxides and hydroxides, compounds of alkaline earth metals, compounds of boron. Oxides, carbides, halides and sulphides of carbon group. Oxides-classi cation-acidic, basic, neutral, peroxide and amphoteric oxides.
UNIT 6: Chemical Energetics First law of thermodynamics, energy changes during a chemical reaction, internal energy and enthalpy, Hess’s law of constant heat summation, numerical based on these concepts. Enthalpies of reactions (enthalpy of neutralization, enthalpy of combustion, enthalpy of fusion and vaporization).
UNIT 7: Chemical Thermodynamics Second law of thermodynamics - Spontaneity of processes; ∆S of the universe and ∆G of the system as criteria for spontaneity, ∆Go (Standard Gibbs energy change) and equilibrium constant.
UNIT 8: Solutions Different methods for expressing concentration of solution-Molality, molarity, mole fraction, percentage (by

molecula of molar
UNIT 9: Meaning
Equilibria liquid-gas involving equilibriu signi can affecting effect of c
Ionic equ of electro (Arrheniu ionization ionization scale, com solutions, products,
UNIT 10 Electrolyt electrolyt their vari applicatio
Electroch different standard of a galva its applica corrosion
Catalysisselectivity mechanis
Colloidal and suspe

Seco∆nSdolafwthoefutnhievremrsoedaynndam∆Gicso-fStphoensytasnteemityaos fcrpirteorcieassfoesr;

∆S osfptohnetaunneiviteyr,s∆eGanod(S∆tGanodfatrhdeGsyibsbtesmenaesrgcryitcehraiangfoer) and

Catalysis-Homogeneous and heterogeneous, activity and

sponetqaunieliibtyr,iu∆mGoco(nSstatanndta.rd Gibbs energy change) and

Catasleylseicst-iHviotymoofgesonleioducsaatanldyshtse,teernozgyemneeocuast,alaycstiisviatnydanitds

equilibrium constant.

selecmtivecithyaonfissmo.lid catalysts, enzyme catalysis and its

UNIT 8: Solutions

mechanism.

UNIDTi8ff:eSreonlut tmioentshods for expressing concentration of

Colloidal state-Distinction among true solutions, colloids

Diffesorelunttimone-tMhoodlsalfiotyr,emxporlaesrsitiny,gmcoonlecfernatcrtaitoionn, poefrcentage (by Collaoniddaslusstapteen-sDioisntsi,nccltaiossni acmatoionng torfuecoslololuidtiso-nlyso, pchoilllioci,ds

soluvtioolnu-mMeoalanlditmy, amssolbaortithy),,mvaopleoufrrapcrtieosnsu, rpeeorcfesnotlaugteio(nbsy and and lsyuosppheonbsiiocn; ms, ucllatissmi oclaectiuolnaro, fmcaoclrloomidos-lleycouplahrilaicn,d associated

voluRmaeoaunltd’smlaawss-idbeoathl )a,nvdapnoounr-ipdreeaslssuorleuotifonsos,luvtaipoonus rand

lyopchoolbloicid; sm(umltiicemlloelse)c, uplraerp, amraatciroonmaonldecpurloarpearntdiesasosfociated

Raopurlte’sssluarwe--icdoemalpaonsditinoonnp-ildoetsalfosroliudteiaolnasn, vdanpoonu-rideal solutions; collociodlslo(imdsic-Telylensd),apllreefpfeacrta,tiBornowanndiapnrompoevretimesenotf, electrophoresis,

presscuorllei-gcaotmivepopsriotipoenrtpielsotosffodriluidteeasloaluntdionnosn-r-eidlaetaivl esololuwtieorninsg; of collodiidasl-yTsiysn, dcoalalgeufflaetcito,nBaronwdnioanccmuloavtieomne; nemt, uellesicotrnospahnodretshies,ir

collivgaaptiovuerpprorepsesrutriees, doefpdrielsustieonsooluftfiroenesz-irneglaptiovienlto, weleerviantgioonf of dialycshisa,rcaoctaegruisltaitciso.n and occulation; emulsions and their

vapobuorilpinregspsuorien,tdaenpdreosssmioontoicf pfrreeseszuinreg; pdoeitnetr,meilnevaatitoionnoof f

characteristics. Rate of reaction, instantaneous rate of reaction and order

unm’t Hoff famctoolrecaunldaritms saisgsnui scinagncceo.lligative properties; abnormal value

e;

of molar mass, Van’t Hoff factor and its signi cance.

al nEtquumilibrium brium, conUceNpItTof9:dCynhaemmiiccaelqEuqiluibilribiurimum.
Meaning of equilibrium, concept of dynamic equilibrium.

ng physical processes: Solid-liquid, id-gas equiElibqruiail,ibHrieanirnyv’sollavwin,gEpqhuyilsiibcrailaprocesses: Solid-liquid, l processes:liLquawid-ogfacshaenmdiscoalliedq-guailsiberqiuuimlib, ria, Henry’s law, Equilibria ants (Kp anindvKolcv)inagndchtehmeiircasilgpnriocceasnscees,: Law of chemical equilibrium, G’s arunlde,,1Goeiqnucilhibemriuicmalceoqnusitlaibnrtisa(,Kfapctaonrds Kc) and their signi cance, um concentsrigantiionc,apnrceessoufr,e1,Gtemanpder,a1tGuore,in chemical equilibria, factors Le Chateliearf’fsepcrtiinngciepqleu.ilibrium concentration, pressure, temperature,
effect of catalyst; Le Chatelier’s principle.

Weak and strong electrolytes, ionization

orifous conceIpotnsiocfeaqcuiidlisbarinudmb:aWseesak and strong electrolytes, ionization ted-LowryoafnedleLcetrwoilsy)taesn,dvathrieoirus concepts of acids and bases

ase equilibr(iAa r(rinhcelnuiduisn, gBrmounlsttiesdta-gLeowry and Lewis) and their

nOizs,ation coinosntiaznattsi,oino,naizcaidti-obnasoefewquatileirb,rpiaH(including multistage

ngmeffaect, hydioronliyzsaitsioonf)saanltds aionndizpaHtioonf ctohneisrtants, ionization of water, pH

tnysooffsparinsgclayles,ocloumblme soanltisoannedffseocltu, bhiylditryolysis of salts and pH of their

oelru, tions. solutions, solubility of sparingly soluble salts and solubility

allic

products, buffer solutions.

chemistry

metallic condUuNctIiTon1,0c:oEnledcutcrtoacnhceemiinstry

ofns, speci cEalnecdtrmoloyltaicr caonnddmucettiavliltiicescoanndduction, conductance in

h concentrealteioctnr:oKlyotihclrsaoulustciho’ns sl,awspeacnidcitasnd molar conductivities and

oron.

their variation with concentration: Kohlrausch’s law and its

p.

applications.

edlls-Electrolytic and Galvanic cells, electrodes, Eelleeccttrroodcehepmoticeanlticaellslsi-nEclleucdtirnoglytic and Galvanic cells, e potential,dhifaflefr-ecneltl taynpdesceolfl reeleaccttrioodnes,s,eemlefctrode potentials including and its measstuarnedmaerndte;lNecetrrnosdteepqoutaetniotinala,nhdalf-cell and cell reactions, emf ry cell and olefada gaacclvuamnuiclacteollr;afnudelitcsemllse;asurement; Nernst equation and plraewvention.its applications; dry cell and lead accumulator; fuel cells;
corrosion and its prevention.

Chemistry, Chemical Kinetics and Catalysis

ssoiorpntion anUdNcIhTem11is:oSruprtfiaocne aCnhdemthisetirry, Chemical Kinetics and Catalysis ctors affectiAngdsaodrspotriopnti-oPnhyosfisgoarspetsioonn and chemisorption and their

and Langmcuhiarraacdtseorrispttiicosn, fiascottohresrmaffse, cting adsorption of gases on

olutions. solids-Freundlich and Langmuir adsorption isotherms,

sses;

eneous and heterogeneous, activity and catalysts, eCnaztyamlyesicsa-Htaolymsiosgaenndeoituss and heterogeneous, activity and selectivity of solid catalysts, enzyme catalysis and its

mechanism.

stinction among true solutions, colloids classi catioCnoolflociodlalol sidtast-ely-oDpihstiilnicc,tion among true solutions, colloids m(boylecular, manadcrsoumspoelencsuiolanrs,acnldasassisoccaitaiotendof colloids-lyophilic, ,npdreparatiolynoapnhdobpirco;pmerutliteismoof lecular, macromolecular and associated ffect, Browcnoiallnoimdso(vmemiceenllte,se),lepcrteropparhaotrioesnisa,nd properties of uotnioannsd; occcoulllaotiidosn-;Teymndualsliloenffseacnt,dBtrhoewirnian movement, electrophoresis, ng of dialysis, coagulation and occulation; emulsions and their
characteristics.

Rateofofreraecatcitoino.nF, iancsttoarnstafnfeoctuins grartaeteosf orfearcetaicotnioannsd- order Common typ
factors affecting rate of collisoifonresaecntcioonu.nFtearcetdors affectinagddraittieosn1o,5felriema between the reactant moleculfeasc,teofrfsecatffoefcting rate of collisio1n5s enco1u6
temperature on the reaction rbaettew, ceoennctehpetroeaf ctant molecUulNesI,Tef1fe4c:tHoyf activation energy, catalyst. Rtaetme lpaewraetxuprreeossniothne. reactionCrlatses,i ccoantcioepn Order of a reaction (with suiatacbtilveaetxioanmepnleesr)g.y, catalyst. Rgeanterlaalwmeextphr Units of rates and speci c raOtercdoenrsotaf natsr.eOacrtdioenr o(wf ith sureitaacbtlieonexs.amp

reaction and effect of concenUtrnaittisonof(srtautdesy awnidll sbpeeci

c rate constants Alkanes-Con

con ned to

rst

order

only).

rTehaecotiroinesaonfdceaftfaelcytsoisf

concentration (stu projections (o

theory-some

of

only). Theories of halogenation

process using catalysts. adsorption theory-some of important in

process using catalysts. Alkenes-Geo

electrophilic a

isobars: Properties of α, β anNduγcrlaeayrs;CKhienmetiisctsryo:fRadioahcatilvoigteyn: si,sowtaot

decay

(decay

serieissoebxacrlus:dPerdo)p, ceartribeos nof

α,

β

and γ rays; Ki and peroxide

datting;

Stability

of

nuclei

wirtahdrieosapcetcivtetodecay

(decay

series excluded) polymerizatio

proton-neutron ratio; brief ddisactutisnsgio;nStoanbilistsyioonf nuclei with respect t

and fusion reactions.

and fusion reactions.

halogens, wat

UNIT 12: Puri cation and Characterisation of

polymerizatio

Organic Compounds

UNIT 12: Puri cation and Characterisat nomenclature

Puri cation - Crystallization,OsrugbalnimicaCtioomn,pounds

mechanism o

distillation,

differential

extracPtuiorin

caantdion

-

Crystallization, sublimatio halogenation

chromatography

-

principles

dainsdtiltlhaetiior na,pdpilfifcearteinotnisa.l

extraction and and acylation

chromatography - principles and their ap

Qualitative analysis - Detection of nitrogen,

group in mon

sulphur,

phosphorus

and

halQogueanlsit.ative

analysis

-

Detection of nitrog UNIT 15: Or

sulphur, phosphorus and halogens.

Quantitative analysis (basic principles only) -

General meth

Estimation of carbon, hydrogQeuna, nntiittraotgiveen,analysis (basicreparcinticoinpsleasnodn

halogens,

sulphur,

phosphoruEss.tCimalactuiolantioofncsaorfbon,

hydrogen, nitroge Alcohols: Dis

empirical

formulae

and

molehcualloagr efnosr,msuullapeh;ur,

phosphorus. Calculat tertiary alcoh

numerical

problems

in

organeicmqpuirainctailtafotirvme ulae

and

molecular formu Reactions of

analysis.

numerical problems in organic quantitat

analysis.

Phenols: Acid

UNIT 13: Some Basic Principles of Organic

reactions: hal

Chemistry

UNIT 13: Some Basic Principles of Orga sulphonation

Tetravalency of carbon; shapCesheomf issitmryple

to >C=O gro

molecules-hybridization

(s

anTdetpr)a;vcallaesnsciycoafticoanrboof n;

shapes and

of simpl ketones.

organic compounds based onmfoulnecctuiolensa-hlygbroriudpizsa: tion (s and p); classi

-C=C-, -CΞC- and those contoarignainnigchcaolmogpeonusn, ds based oEnthfeurnsc:tSiotrnuacl

oxygen, nitrogen and sulphur-;Ch=oCm-o, l-oCgΞoCu-s asnerdietsh;ose containing halo isomerism-structural and steroexoyigsoenm, enriitsrmog. en and sulphAurl;dheohymdoeloagnod
isomerism-structural and stNeruecoliesoopmheilriics

Nomenclature (Trivial and IUPAC)

NH3 and its

Nomenclature (Trivial and oIUxidPAatCio)n; red

Covalent bond ssion - Homolytic and heterolytic: Clemmensen)

free

carbocations

anCdocvaarlbeannt iboonnsd; stasbsiiolinty-

Homolytic and h condensation

of

carbocations

and

free

and carbanion reaction; Che

nucleophiles.

Electronic

disploafcecmarebnotciantiaoncos vaanldenftree

bond-inductive effect, electronmuecrleicopefhfielcets,. Electronic displacement in

resonance and hyperconjugatbioonn.d-inductive effect, electromeric effect

resonance and hyperconjugation.

ctions tered
of ssion. es). Order of y will be catalysis ustrial
es and etics of carbon
ssion
n of
,
plications. en,
y) , ns of ae; ve
ic
cation of groups: ens, us series; m.
terolytic: s; stability hiles and covalent

Common types of organic reactions - Substitution, addition, elimination and rearrangement.
UNIT 14: Hydrocarbons Classi cation, isomerism, IUPAC nomenclature, general methods of preparation, properties and reactions.
Alkanes-Conformations: Sawhorse and Newman projections (of ethane); mechanism of halogenation of alkanes.
Alkenes-Geometrical isomerism; mechanism of electrophilic addition: addition of hydrogen, halogens, water, hydrogen halides (Markownikoff’s and peroxide effect); ozonolysis, oxidation, and polymerization.
Alkynes-Acidic character; addition of hydrogen, halogens, water and hydrogen halides; polymerization. Aromatic hydrocarbonsnomenclature, benzene-structure and aromaticity; mechanism of electrophilic substitution: halogenation, nitration, Friedel-Craft’s alkylation and acylation, directive in uence of functional group in monosubstituted benzene.
UNIT 15: Organic Compounds Containing Oxygen General methods of preparation, properties, reactions and uses.
Alcohols: Distinction of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols; mechanism of dehydration. Reactions of hydroxyl derivatives.
Phenols: Acidic nature, electrophilic substitution reactions: halogenation, nitration and sulphonation, Reimer-Tiemann reaction. Addition to >C=O group, relative reactivities of aldehydes and ketones.
Ethers: Structure.
Aldehyde and Ketones: Nature of carbonyl group; Nucleophilic addition reactions (addition of HCN, NH3 and its derivatives), Grignard reagent; oxidation; reduction (Wolff Kishner and Clemmensen); acidity of-hydrogen, aldol condensation, Cannizzaro reaction, Haloform reaction; Chemical tests to distinguish between aldehydes and Ketones.

Carboxylic acids: Reactions, Acidic strength and factors affecting it; reactions of acid derivatives.
UNIT 16: Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen General methods of preparation, properties, reactions and uses.
Amines: Nomenclature, classi cation, structure, basic character and identi cation of primary, secondary and tertiary amines and their basic character.
Diazonium salts: Importance in synthetic organic chemistry.
UNIT 17: Polymers General introduction and classi cation of polymers, general methods of polymerization–addition and condensation, copolymerization; natural and synthetic rubber and vulcanization; some important polymers with emphasis on their monomers and uses - polythene, nylon, polyester and bakelite.
UNIT 18: Biomolecules Carbohydrates-Classi cation: aldoses and ketoses; monosaccharides (glucose and fructose), constituent monosaccharides of oligosacchorides (sucrose, lactose, maltose) and polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen).
Proteins - Elementary Idea of amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides; proteins: primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structure (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins, enzymes.
Vitamins - Classi cation and functions.
Nucleic acids - Chemical constitution of DNA and RNA. Biological functions of nucleic acids.
UNIT 19: Chemistry in Everyday Life Chemicals in medicines-Analgesics, tranquilizers, antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials, antifertility drugs, antibiotics, antacids.
Antihistamins-their meaning and common examples. Chemicals in food-preservatives, arti cial sweetening agents-common examples.
Cleansing agents–Soaps and detergents, cleansing action.
PART 3 - MATHEMATICS (35 Questions)
UNIT 1: Sets, Relations and Functions Sets and their representations, union, intersection and complements of sets and their algebraic properties, relations, equivalence relations, mappings, one-one, into and onto mappings, composition of mappings.

UNIT 2: C Complex in a plane modulus a square ro triangle in
UNIT 3: M Determin properties Addition of matrix
UNIT 4: A Computin solution o determina