Quality in School Education - Quality Council of India

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Quality in School Education - Quality Council of India

Transcript Of Quality in School Education - Quality Council of India

Final Report On
Quality in School Education
for
Quality Council of India
New Delhi
Institute for Studies in Industrial Development
4, Institutional Area, Vasant Kunj, New Delhi

CONTENTS

S.N.
i ii iii iv v

Content List of Tables List of Boxes List of Figures Abbreviations

Page No.
i v vi vi vii-ix

1 Chapter 1: Introduction 1.1 Quality Concern in Education 1.2 School Education System under Different Boards 1.2.1 School Boards in India 1.3 Education system under CBSE, ICSE, IB and Delhi Govt. Schools 1.3.1 CBSE - Central Board of Secondary Education 1.3.2 Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE) 1.3.2.1 Indian Certificate of Secondary Education 1.3.2.2 Indian School Certificate 1.3.3 International Baccalaureate Organization (IBO) – International School Education Boards in India 1.3.3.1 IB Programmes 1.3.4 Delhi Board (DB) 1.4 Basic Items Covered Under Study 1.4.1 Curriculum 1.4.2 Extracurricular activities 1.4.3 Co-Curricular Activities (CCAs) & Extracurricular Activities (ECAs) 1.4.4 Pedagogy 1.4.5 Syllabi at Different Stages 1.4.6 Affiliation 1.4.6. Is School Affiliation necessary? 1.5 Accreditation standards 1.5.1 Is school accreditation necessary?

1-16

2 Chapter 2: Need for the Study 2.1 Objectives of the study 2.2 Review of Literature 2.2.1 Research in Curriculum 2.2.2 General Curriculum 2.2.3 Co-curricular Activities 2.2.4 Pedagogy 2.3 Methods of Study 2.3.1 Area of the Study 2.3.2 Literature Survey 2.3.3 Sample Size and the list of the Schoosl covered under the Study 2.3.4 Study Framework 2.4 Field study 2.4.1 Comparative Methods 2.4.2 Tools and Techniques used for the Data Collection 2.4.3 Observation Methods 2.5 Comparative Assessment of Good Practices (in CBSE, ICSE, IB, and

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Delhi Govt. Schools) 2.5.1 School Routine Activities 2.5.2 School Safety and Vigilance Measures 2.5.3 School Governance and Monitoring Activities 2.5.4 School Health and Hygiene 2.5.5 Co-curricular Activities 2.5.6 School Teaching-Learning Processes 2.5.7 School Sanitation and Gardening Activities 2.5.8 Learners Performance Monitoring Activities 2.5.9.School Hobby Development Programme 2.6 School-wise Quality Percentage Achievement with Reference to Some
Major Quality Indicators 2.6.1 Infrastructure 2.6.2 Physical Environment 2.6.3 Teaching-aids 2.6.4 Classroom Dynamics 2.6.5 Quality Parameters 2.6.6 Work Culture 2.6.7 Monitoring and Supervision

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3 Chapter 3: Accreditation and Affiliation 3.1 How the affiliation bodies carry out inspection? 3.1.1 Council for the Indian School Certificate Examination (CISCE) 3.1.2 Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) 3.1.3 Delhi Government Schools 3.1.4 International Baccalaureate Organization (IBO) 3.2 Is the Inspection one time or Continuous? 3.2.1 Council for the Indian School Certificate Examination (CISCE) 3.2.2 Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) 3.2.3 Delhi Board 3.2.4 International Baccalaureate Organisation (IBO) 3.3 Actual Compliance Status of affiliated Schools

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4 Chapter 4: Curriculum and Syllabus 4.1 Curriculum: CBSE, ICSE, IB and Delhi Government Schools 4.2 Comparative Study of Curriculum in Different Boards 4.2.1 Curriculum of CBSE, ICSE, IB and Delhi Govt. Schools – Similarities in Objectives and Approaches 4.2.2 Curriculum of CBSE, ICSE, IB and Delhi Govt. School – Differences in Objectives and Approaches 4.3 Syllabi of CBSE, ICSE and IB – A Comparative Study 4.4 What is the main Difference between ICSE, CBSE and IB syllabus? 4.5 Concluding Remark

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5 Chapter 5: Examination and Evaluation Procedures 5.1 Examination 5.2 Evaluation / Assessment 5.3 The Concept of Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation (CCCE) 5.4 CBSE Examination and Evaluation Pattern

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5.4.1 Evaluation Pattern 5.4.2 Continuous Assessment (60%) 5.4.3 Final Examination (40%) 5.4.4 MOTS to HOTS (CBSE) 5.4.5 Different Streams 5.5 Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (CICSE)
Examination 5.5.1 Classes I-VIII Examination and Evaluation System 5.5.2 Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE) Examination (IX-X) 5.5.3 Indian School Certificate (ISC) Examination (XI-XII) 5.5.4Different Streams 5.6 IB Examination and Assessment 5.6.1 Primary level (Grade I – V) 5.6.1.1 How IB PYP students are assessed? 5.6.1.2 Type of Assessment 5.7 Middle year Programme (Grade VI- X) 5.7.1 MYP Assessment 5.7.2 Continuous Assessment 5.7.3 Final Assessment 5.7.4 Validation of Grades 5.7.5 How IB MYP students are assessed? 5.7.6 The role of examiner 5.7.7 Training 5.8 Diploma Programme (Grade XI-XII) 5.8.1 Nature of the Assessments 5.8.2 Grading 5.8.3 Assessment of Diploma programme 5.8.4 The Diploma Programme goals provide students with: 5.8.5 Basic skills: 5.8.6 GPA weightage of IB Courses 5.8.7 IB Diploma Continuous Assessment 5.9 Delhi Govt. School: Examination and Evaluation Procedure 5.10 Examination and Evaluation in different Boards (CBSE, ICSE, IB and
Delhi): A Comparative Analysis 5.11 Some Common Types of Questions in CBSE, ICSE, IB and Delhi Govt.
Schools 5.12 Compliance Status of Examination and Evaluation of Studied School 5.13 Concluding Remarks

Page No.

References

Annexure

92-299

6 Annexure 1: Some Basic Queries on Curriculum (CCA, ECA and pedagogy), 92-97 Syllabus, Examination, Affiliation and Accreditation Standards
7 Annexure 2: Norms for Affiliation as per Central Board of Secondary Education 98-104 (CBSE) Affiliation Bye-Laws
8 Annexure 3: Affiliation Requirements according to the Council for the Indian 105-111 School Certificate Examinations (CISCE) Affiliation Guidelines

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9 10 11 12 13
14
15 16 17 18 18 19 20 21 22 23
24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31

Annexure Annexure Annexure Annexure Annexure
Annexure
Annexure Annexure Annexure Annexure Annexure Annexure Annexure Annexure Annexure Annexure
Annexure Annexure Annexure Annexure Annexure Annexure Annexure Annexure

4: IB School Authorization Procedure 5: Basic Items Covered under Study 6: List of some of the Good Practices 7: School-wise Status 8: Study of Curricula, Pedagogy, CCA and ECA in Different Boards
(Similarities) 9: Study of Curriculum, Pedagogy, CCA and ECA in Different Boards
(Differences) 10: Class-wise CBSE Syllabus 11: Class-wise ICSE Syllabus 12: Class-wise IB Syllabus 13: Different types of curricula used in schools today 14: NABET Accreditation Checklist 15: CBSE Examination and Evaluation Pattern 16: CBSE Evaluation Pattern Class I-XII 17: CISCE Examinations and Evaluation Pattern 18: ICSE Evaluation Procedure at class IX-X 19: “How will we know what we have learned?” Assessment in the
PYP (Grade I – V) 20: IB MYP (Grades VI-X) Assessment 21: IB Diploma Examination and Assessment 22: IB Examination and Evaluation Pattern 23: Sample: (Chemistry) IB Internal Assessment Marking Scheme 24: Questionnaire Examination and Evaluation System 25: Summary of Key Features of CBSE 26: Summary of Key Features of CISCE 27: Summary of Key Features of IB

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112-116 117-182 183-191 192-200 201-204
205-210
111-219 220-224 225-231 232-233 234-237 238-243 244-245 246-248 249-252
253-255 256-271 272-291 292-295
296 297-299
300 301 302

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List of Tables

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Title

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1 Table: 2.1 Sample size and the list of schools covered under the study 2 Table: 2.2 Hariharanand Public School 3 Table: 2.3 Konark Public School 4 Table: 2.4 Kendriya Vidyalaya 5 Table: 2.5 Sanskriti School 5 Table: 2.6 GBSS, R.K. Puram Sec-2 7 Table: 2.7 GBSS, R.K. Puram Sec-3 8 Table: 2.8 American School of Bombay 9 Table: 2.9 Poddar International School 10 Table: 2.10 American Embassy School, Delhi 11 Table: 2.11School-wise Status (Quality %Achievement) of Some Good Practices 12 Table: 2.12 School-wise Status (Quality %Achievement) 13 Table: 3.1 The Frequency of Inspection of Schools by Different Boards 14 Table: 3.2 Actual Compliance Status of affiliated Schools 15 Table: 3.3 Comparative Study of Affiliation / Accreditation Standards of CISCE,
CBSE, IB and Delhi Govt. Schools. 16 Table: 4.1 Designing Curriculum and Syllabus of Different Boards 17 Table: 4.2 Class- wise and school-wise pedagogy of CBSE, CISCE, IB and Delhi
Govt. Schools 18 Table: 5.1 Class- Wise Distributions of Subjects, Tests and Examination (CBSE) 19 Table: 5.2 Classes X and XII: Examination and Marks Division (CBSE) 20 Table: 5.3 Instruction Time per Week of Teaching Time: Class X (CBSE) 21 Table: 5.4 Instruction Time per Week of Teaching Time: Class XII (CBSE) 22 Table: 5.5 Types of Questions and Value Points (CBSE) 23 Table: 5.6 Value Points and Grades(CBSE) 24 Table: 5.7 Grade point Range and Grades (CBSE) 25 Table: 5.8 Classes VI-VIII: Examination and Marks Division (CBSE) 26 Table: 5.9 Types of Subjects (CBSE) 27 Table: 5.10 Classes X and XII Different Dimensions of Question Papers and
respective Weightage (CBSE) 28 Table: 5.11 Stream Wise Subjects for Classes XI-XII (CBSE) 29 Table: 5.12 Exam Schedule (ICSE) 30 Table: 5.13 Evaluation Pattern from Classes I to VIII (ICSE) 31 Table: 5.14 Grading Scale and Weightage System (IB) 32 Table: 5.15 Assessment Weight of Coursework (IB) 33 Table: 5.16 Evaluation Procedures in Delhi Board (Delhi Govt. Schools) 34 Table: 5.17 Similarities in Examination and Evaluation in Different Boards
(CBSE, ICSE, IB and Delhi) 35 Table: 5.18 Differences in Examination and Evaluation in Different Boards
(CBSE, ICSE, IB and Delhi) 36 Table: 5.19 Compliance Statuses of Schools Affiliated with Different Boards

25 27 28 28 28 29 29 29 30 30 31 36 41 43 44-47
49 52-53
63 63 64 64 65 65 65 66 66 67
69 70 70 79 81 84 86-87
88-89
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Title

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Boxes

1 Box: 1.1 Definitions of Key Concepts

3

Box: 5.1 Key Definitions in the context of School Education

58

Box: 5.2 Major Sources of Students’ Testing by CBSE, ICSE, IB and Delhi Govt.

59

Schools

Box: 5.3 Some Key Features of Different Boards

62

Box: 5.4 ‘HOTS’ Questions make Students Think Before Writing Answers

68

Box: 5.5 IB Diploma Courses for Examination

77

Box: 5.6 IB Internal Assessment Marking Scheme

82

Box: 5.7 Common Features of Questions in CBSE, ICSE, IB and Delhi Govt.

85

Schools

Figure

1 Figure: 2.1 Study Framework Flow Chart

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ADB AES AIEEE AIMT AIPDT AIU ASB C CABE CAS CBSE CCA CCE CISCE CPF CTSO DA DF DIDA DIET DOE DP DTB EC ECA EE EVS FN GA GBSS GPF HL

Abbreviations
: Asian Development Bank : American Embassy School : All India Engineering Entrance Examination : All India Pre Medical Test : All India Pre Dental Test : Association of Indian University : American School of Bombay : Computation : Central Advisory Board of Education : Community, Action, Service : Central Board of Secondary Education : Co-Curricular Activities : Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation : Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations : Contributory Provident Fund : Central Tibetan Schools Organization : Dearness Allowance : Discovering Facts : Department for International Development Authority : District Institute for Elementary education : Directorate of Education : Diploma Programme : Delhi Textbook Bureau : European Commission : Extra Curricular Activities : Extended Essay : Environmental Studies : Forming of Numbers : Group Activity : Government Boys Senior Secondary School : Gratuity and General Provident Fund : Higher Level
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HOTS IA IBO ICSE ID IGCSE JNU KPS KV KVS LA LKG MOTS MYP NABET NCC NCERT NCF NCFSE NEP NSS NTT NVS OB OCC PIN PSA PSU PWD PYP RDCD SA SC SCERT

: Higher Order Thinking Skills : Internal Assessment : International Baccalaureate Organisation : Indian Certificate for Secondary education : Identification : International General Certificate of Secondary Education : Jawaharlal Nehru University : Konark Public School : Kendriya Vidyalaya : Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan : Long Answer : Lower Kindergarten : More Of The Same : Middle Year Programme : National Accreditation Board for Education and Training : National Cadet Corps : National Council of Educational Research and Training : National Curriculum Framework : National Curriculum Framework for School Education : New Economic Policy : National Service Scheme : Nursery Teacher Training : Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti : Observation : Online Curriculum Centre : Postal Index Number : Problem Solving Skills : Public Sector Undertakings : Public Works Department : Primary Year Programme : Research Development and Consultancy Division : Short Answer : Scheduled Caste : State Council of Educational Research and Training
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SEE SHPS SL SSA SSLC ST SUPW TOK UBC UCAS UN UNDHR UNESCO UNGA UNICEF UT VSA

: Session Ending Examination : Swami Hariharanand Public School : Standard Level : Sarv Shiksha Abhiyan : Secondary School Leaving Certificate : Scheduled Tribe : Socially Useful and Productive Work : Theory of Knowledge : Understanding Basic Concepts : Universities & College Admission Service : United Nations : Universal Declaration of Human Rights : United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization : United Nations General Assembly : United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund : Union Territory : Very Short Answer

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CbseIcseExaminationEducationDelhi Govt